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Volume 16, Number 9—September 2010

Research

Long-Term Health Risks for Children and Young Adults after Infective Gastroenteritis

Rachael E. MoorinComments to Author , Jane S. Heyworth, Geoffrey M. Forbes, and Thomas V. Riley
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: The University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia (R.E. Moorin, J.S. Heyworth, T.V. Riley); Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia, Australia (G.M. Forbes)

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Appendix

Table 3. Model for measuring intragastrointestinal sequelae in children and young adults after infective gastrointeritis*

Variables in model
Category
p value
HR (95% CI)
Previous history of an enteric infection Yes <0.0001 1.517 (1.421–1.621)
Age, y, at enteric infection or proxy

<0.0001
1.121 (1.113–1.129)
Accessibility to services Highly accessible <0.0001 1.000
Accessible 0.0024 1.112 (1.038–1.190)
Moderately accessible 0.0394 1.073 (1.003–1.148)
Remote 0.5996 0.971 (0.868–1.085)

Very remote
0.0002
0.858 (0.792–0.930)
Born in hospital
Yes
<0.0001
0.750 (0.663–0.849)
Mother’s region of birth Australia <0.0001 1.000
New Zealand 0.0001 0.708 (0.594–0.845)
United Kingdom 0.0121 0.901 (0.831–0.978)
North America 0.2124 0.751 (0.479–1.178)
Europe (N,S, and W) 0.1709 0.896 (0.766–1.048)
Eastern Europe, former USSR, and Baltic States 0.3864 0.860 (0.611–1.210)
Africa 0.0233 0.761 (0.602–0.964)
Central /Southern America and Caribbean 0.1062 1.338 (0.940–1.903)
Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia 0.4165 0.735 (0.351–1.543)
Asia <0.0001 0.575 (0.503–0.657)

Middle East
0.3952
0.860 (0.608–1.217)
Ever had a hospitalization for a concurrent illness Yes <0.0001 1.847 (1.580–2.158)

*HR, hazard ratio; CI, confidence interval; –, not applicable. Model for intragastrointestinal sequelae was significantly different from other models.

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