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Volume 17, Number 11—November 2011
THEME ISSUE
CHOLERA IN HAITI

Research

Characterization of Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae from Haiti, 2010–2011

Deborah TalkingtonComments to Author , Cheryl Bopp, Cheryl Tarr, Michele B. Parsons, Georges Dahourou, Molly Freeman, Kevin Joyce, Maryann Turnsek, Nancy Garrett, Michael Humphrys, Gerardo Gomez, Steven Stroika, Jacques Boncy, Benjamin Ochieng, Joseph Oundo, John Klena, Anthony Smith, Karen Keddy, and Peter Gerner-Smidt
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (D. Talkington, C. Bopp, C. Tarr, M.B. Parsons, M. Freeman, K. Joyce, M. Turnsek, N. Garrett, M. Humphrys, G. Gomez, S. Stroika, P. Gerner-Smidt); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Port-au-Prince, Haiti (G. Dahourou); CDC–Kenya Medical Research Institute, Kisumu, Kenya (B. Ochieng, J. Oundo); Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, People’s Republic of China (J. Klena); Ministry of Public Health and Population, Port-au-Prince (J. Boncy); National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Johannesburg, South Africa (A. Smith, K. Keddy)

Main Article

Table 3

SfiI and NotI PFGE patterns among toxigenic Vibrio cholerae isolates from Haiti, by department and collection date, 2010–2011*

PFGE types
No. (%) isolates
All
2010 Oct 26
2010 Nov 26
2011 Jan 27
2011 Feb 9
Artibonite only

West Department only
2010 Oct 26
2010 Nov 26
2010 Nov 26
2011 Jan 27
2011 Feb 9
SfiI types
KZGS12.0088 130 (87.2) 16 (100) 76 (82.6) 27 (90.0) 11 (100) 16 (100) 16 (84.2) 35 (81.4) 21 (87.5) 8 (100)
KZGS12.0089 8 (5.4) 0 8 (8.7) 0 0 0 2 (10.5) 3 (7.0) 0 0
KZGS12.0097† 7 (4.7) 0 4 (4.3) 3 (10.0) 0 0 0 3 (7.0) 3 (12.5) 0
KZGS12.0063† 1 (0.7) 0 1 (1.1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
KZGS12.0158† 1 (0.7) 0 1 (1.1) 0 0 0 1 (5.3) 0 0 0
KZGS12.0159† 1 (0.7) 0 1 (1.1) 0 0 0 0 1 (2.3) 0 0
KZGS12.0160† 1 (0.7) 0 1 (1.1) 0 0 0 0 1 (2.3) 0 0
NotI types
KZGN11.0092 137 (91.9) 15 (93.8) 85 (92.4) 26 (86.7) 11 (100) 15 (93.8) 19 (100) 36 (83.7) 21 (87.5) 8 (100)
KZGN11.0034† 5 (3.4) 1 (6.3) 4 (4.3) 0 0 1 (6.3) 0 4 (9.3) 0 0
KZGN11.0142† 4 (2.7) 0 0 4 (13.3) 0 0 0 0 3 (12.5) 0
KZGN11.0124† 2 (1.3) 0 2 (2.2) 0 0 0 0 2 (4.7) 0 0
KZGN11.0134† 1 (0.7) 0 1 (1.1) 0 0 0 0 1 (2.3) 0 0
SfiI/NotI combinations
KZGS12.0088/KZGN11.0092 123 (82.6) 15 (93.8) 73 (79.3) 24 (80.0) 11 (100) 15 (93.8) 16 (84.2) 32 (74.4) 19 (79.2) 8 (100)
KZGS12.0089/KZGN11.0092 8 (5.4) 0 8 (8.7) 0 0 0 2 (10.5) 3 (7.0) 0 0
KZGS12.0097/KZGN11.0092† 4 (2.7) 0 2 (2.2) 2 (6.7) 0 0 0 1 (2.3) 2 (8.3) 0
KZGS12.0088/KZGN11.0142† 3 (2.0) 0 0 3 (10.0) 0 0 0 0 2 (8.3) 0
KZGS12.0088/KZGN11.0034† 4 (2.7) 1 (6.3) 3 (3.3) 0 0 1 (6.3) 0 3 (7.0) 0 0
KZGS12.0097/KZGN11.0124† 2 (1.3) 0 2 (2.2) 0 0 0 0 2 (4.7) 0 0
KZGS12.0063/KZGN11.0092† 1 (0.7) 0 1 (1.1) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
KZGS12.0097/KZGN11.0142† 1 (0.7) 0 0 1 (3.3) 0 0 0 0 1 (4.2) 0
KZGS12.0158/KZGN11.0092† 1 (0.7) 0 1 (1.1) 0 0 0 1 (5.3) 0 0 0
KZGS12.0159/KZGN11.0034† 1 (0.7) 0 1 (1.1) 0 0 0 0 1 (2.3) 0 0
KZGS12.0160/KZGN11.0134† 1 (0.7) 0 1 (1.1) 0 0 0 0 1 (2.3) 0 0

*PFGE, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.
†Unique PFGE patterns first seen in this outbreak.

*PFGE, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.
†Unique PFGE patterns first seen in this outbreak.

*PFGE, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.
†Unique PFGE patterns first seen in this outbreak.

*PFGE, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.
†Unique PFGE patterns first seen in this outbreak.

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