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Volume 17, Number 4—April 2011

Dispatch

Human Metapneumovirus Infection in Wild Mountain Gorillas, Rwanda

Gustavo PalaciosComments to Author , Linda J. Lowenstine, Michael R. Cranfield, Kirsten V.K. Gilardi, Lucy Spelman, Magda Lukasik-Braum, Jean-Felix Kinani, Antoine Mudakikwa, Elisabeth Nyirakaragire, Ana Valeria Bussetti, Nazir Savji, Stephen Hutchison, Michael Egholm, and W. Ian Lipkin
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Columbia University, New York, New York, USA (G. Palacios, A. Valeria Bussetti, N. Savji, W.I. Lipkin); University of California, Davis, California, USA (L.J. Lowenstine, M.R. Cranfield, K.V.K. Gilardi); Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project, Davis (L. Spelman, M. Lukasik-Braum, J.-F. Kinani); Rwanda Development Board, Kigali, Rwanda (A. Mudakikwa, E. Nyirakaragire); 454 Life Sciences, Branford, Connecticut, USA (S. Hutchison, M. Egholm)

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Table

Results of microbiologic testing of mountain gorilla tissues, Rwanda*

Sample source and no. Sample type MassTag RNA panel results HMPV viral load, genome copies/µL MassTag DNA panel results Bacterial load, genome copies/µL
Streptococcus pneumoniae Klebsiellapneumoniae
Adult
1 Serum HMPV 2.7 × 103 K. pneumoniae ND 3.2 × 107
2 Buffy coat Negative ND K. pneumoniae ND 4.4 × 108
3 Kidney Negative ND K. pneumoniae ND 6.2 × 108
4 Lung HMPV 3.2 × 102 S. pneumoniae, K. pneumoniae 1.3 × 102 2.0 × 107
5 Heart Negative ND K. pneumoniae ND 1.4 × 107
6 Spleen Negative ND K. pneumoniae ND 9.1 × 105
7 Liver Negative ND K. pneumoniae ND 3.1 × 105
8 Throat swab HMPV 6.2 × 105 S. pneumoniae, K. pneumoniae 5.5 × 104 1.4 × 105
9 Nasal swab HMPV 2.3 × 105 S. pneumoniae, K. pneumoniae 4.3 × 104 2.4 × 106
10 Vaginal swab HMPV 2.0 × 102 K. pneumoniae ND 6.0 × 105
11 Anal swab HMPV 4.0 × 102 K. pneumoniae ND 5.5 × 102
12 Purulent discharge Negative ND K. pneumoniae ND 5.2 × 102
Infant
18 Spleen Negative ND Negative ND ND
19 Lung HMPV <5.0 × 101 Negative ND ND
20 Liver Negative ND Negative ND ND
21 Kidney Negative ND Negative ND ND

*HMPV, human metapneumovirus; ND, not detected.

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