Evolution of New Genotype of West Nile Virus in North America
Allison R. McMullen, Fiona J. May, Li Li, Hilda Guzman, Rudy Bueno, James A. Dennett, Robert B. Tesh, and Alan D.T. Barrett
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA (A.R. McMullen, F.J. May, L. Li, H. Guzman, R.B. Tesh, A.D.T. Barrett); Harris County Public Health and Environmental Services, Houston, Texas, USA (R. Bueno, Jr., J.A. Dennett)
Figure 1. Maximum-likelihood phylogenetic tree of Upper Texas Gulf Coast, USA, West Nile virus isolates, 2002–2009. The tree was inferred from open reading frame sequences of 33 Upper Texas Gulf Coast isolates and NY99 by using PhyML (17) and rooted with IS-98 STD. The outgroup has been removed. Bootstrap values are for 1,000 replicates and only values >500 are shown. Groups 1–3 were previously identified by May et al. (12). Red, isolates sequenced in this study. Scale bar indicates nucleotide substitutions per site.
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