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Volume 17, Number 6—June 2011

Research

Wild Birds and Increased Transmission of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) among Poultry, Thailand

Juthatip Keawcharoen, Jan van den Broek, Annemarie Bouma, Thanawat Tiensin, Albert D.M.E Osterhaus, and Hans HeesterbeekComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (J. Keawcharoen, A.D.M.E. Osterhaus); Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands (J. van den Broek, A. Bouma, T. Tiensin, H. Heesterbeek)

Main Article

Table A2

Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1) infection in wild birds, 2004–2007, Thailand*

Order Common name Species Type of bird No. case(s)/total no. sampled
2004 2005 2006 2007
Anseriformes
Lesser whistling duck
Dendrocygna javanica
Breeding visitor
1/11
0/1
1/42
NS
Ciconiiformes Asian openbill strok Anastomus oscitans Breeding visitor 20/61 7/1,513 6/1,154 NS
Heron Egretta spp. Breeding visitor 1/92 NS 3/303 NS

Pond heron
Ardeola grayii
Breeding visitor
NS
NS
NS
6/12
Columbiformes Rock pigeon Columba livia Resident 17/480 8/1,921 9/1,693 10/2,089
Zebra dove Geopelia striata Resident 1/27 NS NS NS
Emerald dove Chalcophaps indica Resident NS 1/1 NS NS

Dove
Streptopelia spp.
Resident
NS
NS
1/174
NS
Charadriiformes Pheasant-tailed jacana Hydrophasianus chirurgus Breeding visitor 1/1 NS NS NS
Brown headed gull Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus Migratory NS 1/22 NS NS

Kentish plover
Charadrius alexandrinus
Migratory
NS
NS
3/12
NS
Cuculiformes
Common koel
Eudynamys scolopaceus
Resident
NS
NS
1/3
NS
Falconiformes
Black kite
Milvus migrans
Breeding visitor
NS
1/8
NS
NS
Galliformes Green peafowl Pavo muticus Resident 1/8 4/19 NS NS
Jones silver pheasant Lophura nycthemera jonesi Resident 4/4 3/42 NS NS
Golden pheasant Chrysolophus pictus Resident 1/1 1/15 NS NS
Crested partridge Rollulus rouloul Resident 2/3 NS NS NS
Ring necked pheasant Phasianus colchicus Resident 1/1 2/8 NS NS
Lewis silver pheasant Lophura nycthemera nycthemera Resident NS 3/13 NS NS

Kilij pheasant
Lophura leucomelanos
Resident
NS
6/35
NS
NS
Gruiformes White breasted waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus Resident 1/16 NS NS NS

Sarus crane
Grus antigone
Resident
NS
1/12
NS
NS
Passeriformes Streak eared bulbul Pycnonotus blanfordi Resident 3/11 NS NS NS
Europian tree sparrow Passer montanus Resident 1/192 9/1,723 NS 6/654
Large billed crow Corvus macrorhynchos Resident 10/12 NS NS NS
Common myna Acridotheres tristis Resident 6/77 3/372 NS 6/85
Black drongo Dicrurus macrocerus Breeding visitor NS NS 3/6 NS
Asian pied starling Gracupica contra Resident NS NS 3/19 1/23
White vented myna Acridotheres grandis Resident NS NS NS 4/91
Scaly breasted munia Lonchura phuctulata Resident NS NS NS 1/23

Plain backed sparrow
Passer flaveolus
Resident
NS
NS
NS
1/4
Piciformes
Great barbet
Megalaima virens
Resident
NS
1/2
NS
NS
Psittaciformes Cockatoo Psittacus novaehollandiae Resident 1/5 NS NS NS

Blossom headed parakeet
Psittacula roseate
Resident
NS
3/4
NS
NS
Struthioniformes Ostrich Struthio camelus Resident 1/69 NS NS NS

*NS, not sampled.

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