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Volume 17, Number 7—July 2011

CME ACTIVITY

Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, United States, 1993–2009

Adam MacNeilComments to Author , Thomas G. Ksiazek, and Pierre E. Rollin
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (A. MacNeil, T.G. Ksiazek, P.E. Rollin); and University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA (T.G. Ksiazek)

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Table 2

HPS case-patients by geographic region, United States, 1993–2009*

Region States† Hantavirus species present in region No. case-patients who died/ total no. case-patients
(CFR, %)‡
Southwest Arizona, California, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah Sin Nombre virus 92/273 (34)
Northwest Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming Sin Nombre virus 35/101 (35)
Midwest Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, North Dakota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, Wisconsin Sin Nombre virus, Bayou virus 33/84 (39)
East Florida, Maryland, North Carolina, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia New York virus, Monongahela virus, Black Creek Canal virus 5/12 (43)

*HPS, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome; CFR, case-fatality rate.
†Only states with >1 probable rodent exposure–related HPS case are shown.
‡There were no significant differences in case-fatality rates between geographic regions (p = 0.773 by χ2 test).

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