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Volume 17, Number 9—September 2011


Risk-based Estimate of Effect of Foodborne Diseases on Public Health, Greece

Elissavet GkogkaComments to Author , Martine W. Reij, Arie H. Havelaar, Marcel H. Zwietering, and Leon G.M. Gorris
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands (E. Gkogka, M.W. Reij, M.H. Zwietering, L.G.M. Gorris); Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands (A.H. Havelaar); National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (A.H. Havelaar); Unilever Research and Development, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China (L.G.M. Gorris)

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Table 6

Comparison of foodborne illness effects on public health in Greece with estimates from other countries*

Country (reference)
Disease estimates per 1 million inhabitants
All illnesses†
United States (3)All causes270,0571,15518NA
United States (18)Known
(90% CrI 22,074–42,475)187
(90% CrI 132–253)5
(90% CrI 2–8)NA
United States (40)Unspecified agents128,404
(90% CrI 66,318–204,670)240
(90% CrI 33–526)6
(90% CrI 1–11)NA
England and Wales (29)All causes26,1614069NA
Australia (17)Gastro281,250
(95% CrI 208,333–359,375)766
(95% CrI 594–922)4
(95% CrI 2–6)NA
The Netherlands (7)All
New Zealand (39)6 agents‡128,421
(95% CrI 34,801–330,075)NANA632
(95% CrI 344–1,066)
Greece (this study)All causes369,305
(95% CrI 68,283–910,608)905
(95% CrI 499–1,340)§3.1
(95% CrI 2.0–4.8)896
(95% CrI 470–1,461)
Greece (this study)Gastro only368,520
(95% CrI 67,536–909,457)812
(95% CrI 408–1,245)§0.95
(95% CrI 0.52–1.4)308
(95% CrI 94–687)

*Data have been normalized for population differences and are expressed per million inhabitants. DALY, disability-adjusted life years; NA, not available; CrI, credible interval; gastro, gastroenteritis.
†Credible interval not available for all studies.
‡The study was limited to campylobacteriosis, salmonellosis, listeriosis, infection with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, yersiniosis, and infection with norovirus.
§The reported/estimated cases of severe illness in this study can be considered to be approximately the same as hospitalizations.

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