Volume 18, Number 1—January 2012
The 1918–19 Influenza Pandemic in Boyacá, Colombia
|Location||Herald wave in 1918||Excess mortality rate from respiratory illness/10,000 population, main 1918–19 wave (mo of peak pandemic deaths, 1918)||Death-sparing effect among elderly persons||Reference|
|New York, USA||Yes (Mar–Apr)||52 (Oct–Nov)||Yes||(1)|
|Mexico City, Mexico||Yes (May)||47 (Nov)||No||(3)|
|Toluca, Mexico||Yes (May)||162 (Nov)||No||(3)|
|Boyacá, Colombia||No||40 (Nov)||No||This study|
|Lima, Peru||Yes (Sep–Oct)†||29 (Nov)||No†||(4)|
|Iquitos, Peru||No||288 (Nov)||ND||(4)|
|Copenhagen, Denmark||Yes (Jul–Aug)||39 (Nov)||Yes||(6)|
|Paris, France||No||61 (Oct)||ND||(7)|
|Basque Provinces, Spain||Yes (Jun)||121 (Oct)||ND||(19)|
|Madrid, Spain||Yes (Jun)||53 (Oct)||Yes||(7)|
|Singapore||Yes (Jul)||78–180 (Oct)||ND||(9,20)|
*Data from quantitative studies across different locations around the world. Locations are organized by continent (America, Europe, Asia) and latitude. ND, not determined.
†Cannot conclude because of lack of age-specific population data.