Volume 18, Number 1—January 2012
Volume 18, Number 1—January 2012 PDF Version [PDF - 7.63 MB - 207 pages]
Medscape CME Activity
Intestinal Toxemia Botulism in 3 Adults, Ontario, Canada, 2006–2008 PDF Version [PDF - 208 KB - 6 pages]Y. D. Sheppard et al.View Summary
An underlying gastrointestinal condition is a risk factor for this disease.
Serious Invasive Saffold Virus Infections in Children, 2009
PDF Version [PDF - 245 KB]
A. Nielsen et al.View Summary
This virus might have caused previously unexplained cerebral infections and deaths in children.
Modeling Insights into Haemophilus influenzae Type b Disease, Transmission, and Vaccine Programs
PDF Version [PDF - 444 KB - 8 pages]
M. L. Jackson et al.View Summary
Flexible simulation model use can optimize vaccination programs and response to changes in vaccine supply.
Assessing Prion Infectivity of Human Urine in Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease
PDF Version [PDF - 800 KB - 8 pages]
S. Notari et al.View Summary
Intracerebral inoculation of transgenic mice failed to demonstrate prion disease transmission.
High Prevalence of Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis, Swaziland, 2009–2010
PDF Version [PDF - 294 KB]
E. Sanchez-Padilla et al.View Summary
One third of previously treated patients had MDR TB.
Medscape CME Activity
Accelerating Control of Pertussis in England and Wales PDF Version [PDF - 330 KB - 10 pages]H. Campbell et al.View Summary
Pertussis incidence among infants can be reduced by early completion of the primary vaccination schedule.
The 1918–19 Influenza Pandemic in Boyacá, Colombia
PDF Version [PDF - 454 KB]
G. Chowell et al.View Summary
Timing of pandemic onset and prior immunity of populations varied by region.
Use of Lean Response to Improve Pandemic Influenza Surge in Public Health Laboratories
PDF Version [PDF - 469 KB]
J. L. Isaac-Renton et al.View Summary
These tools enabled laboratory response to the 10-fold increase in testing demands.
Invasive Meningococcal Capsular Group Y Disease, England and Wales, 2007–2009
PDF Version [PDF - 322 KB - 8 pages]
S. N. Ladhani et al.View Summary
Increases may result from mutations that allow the organism to evade the immune system.
Differential Mortality Rates by Ethnicity in 3 Influenza Pandemics Over a Century, New Zealand
PDF Version [PDF - 260 KB]
N. Wilson et al.View Summary
The persistent excess in adverse outcomes by ethnicity highlights the need for improved public health responses.
Daily Newspaper View of Dengue Fever Epidemic, Athens, Greece, 1927–1931
PDF Version [PDF - 213 KB]
C. LouisView Summary
Controversy remains about possible dengue hemorrhagic fever during the epidemic.
Unexpected Result of Hendra Virus Outbreaks for Veterinarians, Queensland, Australia
PDF Version [PDF - 205 KB]
D. H. Mendez et al.
Candida spp. with Acquired Echinocandin Resistance, France, 2004–2010
PDF Version [PDF - 261 KB]
E. Dannaoui et al.
Outbreak of Leptospirosis after Flood, the Philippines, 2009
PDF Version [PDF - 160 KB]
A. T. Amilasan et al.
Legionella longbeachae and Endocarditis
PDF Version [PDF - 249 KB - 3 pages]
N. Leggieri et al.
Emergence of Blastoschizomyces capitatus Yeast Infections, Central Europe
PDF Version [PDF - 226 KB]
T. Birrenbach et al.
Asymmetric Type F Botulism with Cranial Nerve Demyelination
PDF Version [PDF - 311 KB]
A. Filozov et al.
MRSA USA300 at Alaska Native Medical Center, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, 2000–2006
PDF Version [PDF - 203 KB - 4 pages]
M. Z. David et al.
Mutations I117V and I117M and Oseltamivir Sensitivity of Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Viruses
PDF Version [PDF - 313 KB - 4 pages]
A. C. Hurt et al.
Multistate Outbreak of MDR TB Identified by Genotype Cluster Investigation
PDF Version [PDF - 247 KB - 4 pages]
P. M. Barry et al.View Summary
In the United States, more than half the cases of tuberculosis (TB) occur in people born outside this country. Many immigrants are assumed to have been infected before coming to the United States; however, genotype matching shows that they can be infected after arrival. Genotype matching compares the genetic make-up of TB isolates from different patients. This article reports on multidrug resistant tuberculosis in patients that were born on different continents and who worked together in the United States. They had TB isolates that shared the same genotype, so their TB probably came from the United States. Nationwide use of genotype matching should help identify the source of other, previously unknown, TB outbreaks.
Spoligotyping of Mycobacterium africanum, Burkina Faso
PDF Version [PDF - 190 KB]
M. K. Gomgnimbou et al.
Molecular Evolution of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Fusion Gene, Canada, 2006–2010
PDF Version [PDF - 356 KB]
J. Papenburg et al.
Colpodella spp.–like Parasite Infection in Woman, China
PDF Version [PDF - 278 KB]
C. L. Yuan et al.
Babesiosis among Elderly Medicare Beneficiaries, United States, 2006–2008
PDF Version [PDF - 266 KB]
M. Menis et al.View Summary
In the United States, recently, there has been an increase in the number of reported clinical and transfusion-transmitted babesiosis cases. Human babesiosis is a tick-borne disease that is generally mild but may cause life-threatening anemia in people at high risk, such as the elderly, who are also likely to receive blood transfusions. Review of the Medicare databases confirmed that most cases recorded in claims data occurred in the northeastern United States, during peak tick season, and also suggested that the disease may be spreading to other regions. Among potential causes for disease expansion are human encroachment into tick and deer habitat, growing deer populations, climatic effects and travel to disease-endemic areas.
Foodborne Outbreak and Nonmotile Salmonella enterica Variant, France
PDF Version [PDF - 171 KB - 3 pages]
S. Le Hello et al.
Dengue Outbreak in Key West, Florida, USA, 2009
PDF Version [PDF - 158 KB - 3 pages]
E. G. Radke et al.View Summary
For more than 60 years, no cases of dengue had been acquired in the continental United States outside the Texas-Mexico border; therefore, a reported suspect case in Florida in 2009 was cause for concern. An investigation, consisting of a survey and blood testing, found 13 Key West residents in the sampled area who had been infected with dengue virus in 2009 and reported no travel outside the United States. From the survey results, researchers estimated that 5% of people in the surveyed area had been infected, which would mean that more infections occurred in 2009 than were reported. Factors that put people at risk for dengue infections included having windows frequently open, using air conditioning less frequently and having yards with large amounts of vegetation or bird baths. Preventing future cases will require personal protection against mosquitoes, mosquito control, early diagnosis, appropriate testing, and prompt reporting of suspected cases. A total of 27 and 66 cases of locally acquired dengue were reported in Key West in 2009 and 2010, respectively. There were no cases of locally acquired dengue in 2011, which is indicative of the success that local health authorities, mosquito control and the public are having in controlling dengue in Key West.
Rabies in Captive Deer, Pennsylvania, USA, 2007–2010
PDF Version [PDF - 396 KB - 4 pages]
B. W. Petersen et al.View Summary
Rabies is almost always fatal, unless preventive treatment is received soon after exposure. Although usually associated with small wild animals, rabies has recently been found in large captive animals—farmed deer that probably became infected through contact with wildlife. Four deer farmers in Pennsylvania were potentially exposed to rabies and received vaccination against rabies. More cases could be prevented by vaccinating deer against rabies, decreasing wildlife contact with captive deer, and educating deer farmers about their risks.
Oral Transmission of L-type Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy in Primate Model
PDF Version [PDF - 361 KB - 4 pages]
N. Mestre-Francés et al.
Early Detection of Pandemic (H1N1) 2009, Bangladesh
PDF Version [PDF - 239 KB]
E. Azziz-Baumgartner et al.
Human Herpesvirus 8 Seroprevalence, China
PDF Version [PDF - 174 KB - 3 pages]
N. He et al.
The Plague of Thebes, a Historical Epidemic in Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex
PDF Version [PDF - 195 KB - 5 pages]
A. A. Kousoulis et al.View Summary
Brucella abortus may have been the etiologic agent.
Novel Prion Protein in BSE-affected Cattle, Switzerland
PDF Version [PDF - 207 KB - 2 pages]
T. Seuberlich et al.
Hantavirus in Bat, Sierra Leone
PDF Version [PDF - 269 KB - 3 pages]
S. Weiss et al.
Outbreak of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea in Suckling Piglets, China
PDF Version [PDF - 206 KB - 3 pages]
R. Sun et al.
Bartonella quintana Transmission from Mite to Family with High Socioeconomic Status
PDF Version [PDF - 214 KB]
O. Melter et al.
Urban Transmission of Human African Trypanosomiasis, Gabon
PDF Version [PDF - 215 KB]
F. Simon et al.
Rickettsia felis Infections, New Zealand
PDF Version [PDF - 191 KB - 3 pages]
M. Lim et al.
Identifying Risk Factors for Shiga Toxin–producing Escherichia coli by Payment Information
PDF Version [PDF - 175 KB - 2 pages]
H. Wilking et al.
Brill-Zinsser Disease in Moroccan Man, France, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 186 KB]
J. Faucher et al.
Temperate Climate Niche for Cryptococcus gattii in Northern Europe
PDF Version [PDF - 278 KB - 3 pages]
A. Chowdhary et al.
Pulmonary Infection Caused by Mycobacterium conceptionense
PDF Version [PDF - 189 KB]
S. Kim et al.
Mycobacterium riyadhense Pulmonary Infection, France and Bahrain
PDF Version [PDF - 197 KB]
S. Godreuil et al.
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus in Ticks, Southwestern Europe, 2010
PDF Version [PDF - 231 KB - 2 pages]
A. Estrada-Peña et al.
Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus in Ticks from Imported Livestock, Egypt
PDF Version [PDF - 225 KB - 2 pages]
K. Chisholm et al.
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Acquired in Jura, France
PDF Version [PDF - 222 KB]
W. R. Faber et al.
Visceral Leishmaniasis during Italian Renaissance, 1522–1562
PDF Version [PDF - 241 KB]
A. G. Nerlich et al.
Plague Epidemic in the Kingdom of Naples, 1656–1658
PDF Version [PDF - 213 KB - 3 pages]
S. Scasciamacchia et al.
Leprosy, Still Present in La Réunion
PDF Version [PDF - 180 KB - 2 pages]
P. Vilain et al.
Vaccinia Virus Zoonotic Infection, São Paulo State, Brazil
PDF Version [PDF - 205 KB]
J. Megid et al.
Mumps Vaccine Effectiveness Against Orchitis
PDF Version [PDF - 209 KB - 3 pages]
S. Hahné et al.
Genetic Characterization of Peste des Petits Ruminants Virus, Sierra Leone
PDF Version [PDF - 342 KB]
M. Munir et al.
About the Cover
- Page created: January 19, 2012
- Page last updated: May 18, 2012
- Page last reviewed: May 18, 2012
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID)
Office of the Director (OD)