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Volume 18, Number 1—January 2012

Dispatch

Rabies in Captive Deer, Pennsylvania, USA, 2007–2010

Brett W. PetersenComments to Author , Danielle M. Tack, Allison Longenberger, Aliza Simeone, Mària E. Moll, Marshall P. Deasy, Jesse D. Blanton, and Charles E. Rupprecht
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (B.W. Petersen, D.M. Tack, A. Longenberger, J.D. Blanton, C.E. Rupprecht); Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, USA (A. Simeone); Pennsylvania Department of Health, Harrisburg (M.E. Moll, M.P. Deasy)

Main Article

Table 1

Characteristics and practices of farms with rabid deer, Pennsylvania, USA, 2007–2010

Characteristic/practiceCase farms, n = 4Control farms, n = 10Total, n = 14Odds ratio (95% CI)
Mean age of farmer, y41.346.645.10.96 (0.88–1.10)
Farmer education, some high school or above, no. (%); reference = some high school or below1 (25)5 (50)6 (43)0.33 (0.03–4.40)
Mean time farming, y (range)
10.8 (5–17)
9.3 (2–17)
9.7 (2–17)
1.1 (0.83–1.37)
Mean size of farm, acres (range)15.3 (2–45)27.4 (3–170)23.9 (2–170)0.99 (0.95–1.03)
No. deer on farm, mean (range)69.8 (13–159)75.8 (16–230)74.1 (13–230)0.99 (0.98–1.02)
No. deer/acre in smallest pen, mean (range)34.7 (10.7–90.9)36.8 (8–89.3)36.2 (8–90.0)0.99 (0.96–1.04)
No. deer brought onto farm annually, mean
1.25
3.0
2.5
0.67 (0.23–1.92)
Farms reporting deer vaccination, no. (%)4 (100)7 (70)11 (79)0.78 (0.06–10.86)
Farms reporting deer vaccinated against rabies, no. (%)
4 (100)
0
4 (28)
Not calculated
Farms reporting feeding method, no (%)
Trough4 (100)9 (90)13 (93)Not calculated
Bottle2 (50)9 (90)11 (79)0.11 (0.01–1.91)
Tube feeder
1 (25)
3 (30)
4 (29)
0.78 (0.06–10.86)
Farms reporting use of sweet feed, no. (%)
3 (75)
7 (70)
10 (71)
1.29 (0.09–17.95)
Farms reporting deer contact with rabies reservoir species, no. (%)
Skunks2 (50)4 (40)6 (43)1.5 (0.15–15.46)
Raccoons2 (50)3 (30)5 (36)2.3 (0.22–25.25)
Foxes01 (10)1 (7)Not calculated

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Medline reports the last page should be "17" not "14" in reference 6 "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011".

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