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Volume 18, Number 10—October 2012

Etymologia

Etymologia: Tetanus

Suggested citation for this article

Tetanus [tet′ə-nəs]

From the Greek tetanos (“tension,” from teinein, “to stretch”), an often fatal infectious disease caused by the anaerobic bacillus Clostridium tetani. Tetanus was well known to the ancients; Greek physician Aretaeus wrote in the first century ad, “Tetanus in all its varieties, is a spasm of an exceedingly painful nature, very swift to prove fatal, but neither easy to be removed.” Active immunization with tetanus toxoid was described in 1890, but cases continue to be reported (275 in the United States from 2001 through 2010), almost exclusively in persons who were never vaccinated or had not received a booster immunization in the previous 10 years. In developing countries, neonatal tetanus—when infants are infected through nonsterile delivery—is a major contributor to infant mortality. Worldwide, an estimated 59,000 infants died of neonatal tetanus in 2008.

References

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tetanus. In: Epidemiology and prevention of vaccine-preventable diseases. Atlanta: The Centers; 2012. p. 291–300.
  2. Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2012.
  3. Pearce JM. Notes on tetanus (lockjaw).J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 1996;60:332. DOIPubMed
  4. Reddy P, Bleck TP. Clostridium tetani (tetanus). In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, editors. Principles and practices of infectious diseases. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone; 2010. p. 3091–6.
  5. World Health Organization. Neonatal tetanus. October 4, 2011 [cited 2012 Aug 27]. http://www.who.int/immunization_monitoring/diseases/neonatal_tetanus/en/index.html

Suggested citation for this article: Etymologia: Tetanus. Emerg Infect Dis [Internet]. 2012 Oct [date cited]. http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1810.ET1810

DOI: 10.3201/eid1810.ET1810

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