Volume 18, Number 10—October 2012
Volume 18, Number 10—October 2012 PDF Version [PDF - 4.60 MB - 167 pages]
Constant Transmission Properties of Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease in 5 Countries
PDF Version [PDF - 274 KB - 6 pages]
A. B. Diack et al.View Summary
Current diagnostic criteria should be sufficient to detect new cases of vCJD.
WU and KI Polyomaviruses in Respiratory Samples from Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients
PDF Version [PDF - 295 KB - 9 pages]
J. Kuypers et al.View Summary
Routine testing for these viruses in immunocompromised patients is not recommended.
Wild Birds and Urban Ecology of Ticks and Tick-borne Pathogens, Chicago, Illinois, USA, 2005–2010
PDF Version [PDF - 239 KB - 7 pages]
S. A. Hamer et al.View Summary
No longer do you have to visit rural areas to find ticks; birds are flying them directly to you. When researchers sampled several thousand birds in Chicago, they found that some carried ticks and that some of these ticks carried the organism that spreads Lyme disease. Although the number of infected ticks on these birds was low, risk for their invading an area and spreading infection to humans cannot be ignored. If conditions are favorable, a few infected ticks can quickly multiply. Migratory birds also carried tick species only known to be established in Central and South America. Limited introduction and successful establishment of ticks and disease-carrying organisms pose a major health risk for humans, wildlife, and domestic animals in urban environments worldwide.
Spread of Influenza Virus A (H5N1) Clade 220.127.116.11 to Bulgaria in Common Buzzards
PDF Version [PDF - 287 KB - 7 pages]
A. Marinova-Petkova et al.View Summary
Detection of this highly pathogenic clade in Europe poses a health threat to poultry and humans
Dengue Outbreaks in High-Income Area, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan, 2003–2009
PDF Version [PDF - 346 KB - 9 pages]
C. Lin et al.View Summary
Cases distribute in a clustered pattern, and elderly persons have the highest risk for illness and death.
Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in Household Plumbing as Possible Cause of Chronic Rhinosinusitis
PDF Version [PDF - 194 KB - 6 pages]
W. S. Tichenor et al.View Summary
Millions of Americans live with chronic sinus infection. Most infections are caused by either bacteria or fungi. Some of these infections can be hard to treat, eluding medical and surgical treatment and persisting for months or even years. A recent study in New York found that some patients with a chronic sinus infection had tuberculosis-like organisms (mycobacteria) in their sinuses and that the same organisms were also in the tap water at their homes. These mycobacteria can be resistant to commonly used antimicrobial drugs. Doctors should check for mycobacteria in patients with treatment-resistant sinus infection. Patients who flush their sinuses at home should use sterile saline, not tap water.
Autochthonous and Dormant Cryptococcus gattii Infections in Europe
PDF Version [PDF - 217 KB - 7 pages]
F. Hagen et al.View Summary
Dormant infections can become reactivated years after having been acquired on another continent.
Medscape CME Activity
Epidemiology of Foodborne Norovirus Outbreaks, United States, 2001–2008 PDF Version [PDF - 215 KB - 8 pages]A. J. Hall et al.View Summary
In the United States, the leading cause of foodborne illness is norovirus; an average of 1 foodborne norovirus outbreak is reported every day. The more we know about how this virus is spread and in which foods, the better we can ward off future outbreaks. A recent study identified the most common sources of foodborne norovirus outbreaks as ready-to-eat foods that contain fresh produce and mollusks that are eaten raw, such as oysters. Most implicated foods had been prepared in restaurants, delicatessens, and other commercial settings and were most often contaminated by an infected food worker. Although possible contamination during production, harvesting, or processing cannot be overlooked, food safety during meal preparation should be emphasized. Food handlers should wash their hands, avoid bare-handed contact with ready-to-eat foods, and not work when they are sick.
Medscape CME Activity
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Sequence Type 239-III, Ohio, USA, 2007–2009 PDF Version [PDF - 291 KB - 9 pages]S. Wang et al.View Summary
Identification of virulent strains emphasizes the need for molecular surveillance.
Echinococcus multilocularis in Urban Coyotes, Alberta, Canada
PDF Version [PDF - 355 KB - 4 pages]
S. Catalano et al.
Orthobunyavirus Antibodies in Humans, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico
PDF Version [PDF - 308 KB - 4 pages]
B. J. Blitvich et al.
Tetanus as Cause of Mass Die-off of Captive Japanese Macaques, Japan, 2008
PDF Version [PDF - 204 KB - 3 pages]
T. Nakano et al.
Human Infection with Candidatus Neoehrlichia mikurensis, China
PDF Version [PDF - 344 KB - 4 pages]
H. Li et al.
Anthroponotic Enteric Parasites in Monkeys in Public Park, China
PDF Version [PDF - 357 KB - 4 pages]
J. Ye et al.View Summary
Some infections are known to spread from animals to humans; others, from humans to animals. And some are not so neatly categorized. Recently, 3 diarrhea-causing parasites of humans were found in apparently healthy monkeys in a public park in China. How the monkeys became infected is unknown. It is possible that the parasites were spread from humans. No matter how the monkeys became infected, park visitors are at risk for infection from the monkeys. Park visitors, who are allowed to feed and play with the monkeys, should be informed that they can get diarrhea directly from the monkeys or from contaminated lake or drinking water.
Schmallenberg Virus as Possible Ancestor of Shamonda Virus
PDF Version [PDF - 222 KB - 3 pages]
K. V. Goller et al.
Monkey Bites among US Military Members, Afghanistan, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 195 KB - 3 pages]
L. E. Mease and K. A. BakerView Summary
If you were to list all the dangers faced by US military personnel serving in Afghanistan, your list would be long, but would it include monkey bites? It should. The US Army recently examined this risk and found that in just 4 months, 10 service members were bitten by monkeys. And there may have been more, unreported, bites. Most monkeys were pets owned by Afghan National Security Forces and Afghan civilians, so the risk of being bitten could increase as US forces work more closely with these Afghan people. Monkey bites can spread rabies, tetanus, or other bacterial infections, or B-virus infection to humans. Bites can be minimized by enforcing military policies that prohibit pet adoption and animal contact, and secondary infections can be reduced by providing better training to military health care providers on how to treat animal bites.
Hepatitis E Virus Seroprevalence among Adults, Germany
PDF Version [PDF - 285 KB - 4 pages]
M. S. Faber et al.
Scarlet Fever Epidemic, Hong Kong, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 298 KB - 4 pages]
E. Luk et al.
Visceral Leishmaniasis in Rural Bihar, India
PDF Version [PDF - 243 KB - 3 pages]
E. Hasker et al.
Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 Virus in Pigs, Réunion Island
PDF Version [PDF - 342 KB - 4 pages]
E. Cardinale et al.
Powassan Virus Encephalitis, Minnesota, USA
PDF Version [PDF - 230 KB - 3 pages]
J. Birge and S. Sonnesyn
Influenza Virus Infection in Nonhuman Primates
PDF Version [PDF - 268 KB - 4 pages]
E. A. Karlsson et al.
Human Polyomaviruses in Children Undergoing Transplantation, United States, 2008–2010
PDF Version [PDF - 206 KB - 4 pages]
E. A. Siebrasse et al.
Preventing Maritime Transfer of Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae
PDF Version [PDF - 215 KB - 3 pages]
N. J. Cohen et al.
Human Parvovirus 4 in Nasal and Fecal Specimens from Children, Ghana
PDF Version [PDF - 252 KB - 4 pages]
J. Drexler et al.
A Natural History of Infective Endocarditis, Preceded by Decompensated Chronic Liver Disease and Severe Community-Acquired Pneumonia
PDF Version [PDF - 217 KB - 2 pages]
N. L. Merridew
Trypanososma brucei rhodesiense Sleeping Sickness, Uganda
PDF Version [PDF - 153 KB - 2 pages]
L. Berrang-Ford et al.
Rickettsia felis in Aedes albopictus Mosquitoes, Libreville, Gabon
PDF Version [PDF - 153 KB - 3 pages]
C. Socolovschi et al.
Bartonella spp. Infection Rate and B. grahamii in Ticks
PDF Version [PDF - 134 KB - 2 pages]
E. Janecek et al.
Human Parvovirus 4 Viremia in Young Children, Ghana
PDF Version [PDF - 162 KB - 3 pages]
J. May et al.
Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella enterica, Democratic Republic of the Congo
PDF Version [PDF - 146 KB - 3 pages]
M. Phoba et al.
Co-Circulation and Persistence of Genetically Distinct Saffold Viruses, Denmark
PDF Version [PDF - 183 KB - 3 pages]
A. Nielsen et al.
Pathogenic Leptospira spp. in Bats, Madagascar and Union of the Comoros
PDF Version [PDF - 204 KB - 3 pages]
E. Lagadec et al.
West Nile Virus Meningoencephalitis Imported into Germany
PDF Version [PDF - 144 KB - 3 pages]
J. Schultze-Amberger et al.
Scarlet Fever Outbreak, Hong Kong, 2011
PDF Version [PDF - 173 KB - 3 pages]
E. Lau et al.
Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease Caused by Coxsackievirus A6
PDF Version [PDF - 165 KB - 3 pages]
K. Flett et al.
Duffy Phenotype and Plasmodium vivax infections in Humans and Apes, Africa
PDF Version [PDF - 140 KB - 2 pages]
R. Culleton and P. Ferreira
Rickettsia parkeri and Candidatus Rickettsia andeanae in Gulf Coast Ticks, Mississippi, USA
PDF Version [PDF - 173 KB - 3 pages]
F. Ferrari et al.
Attributing Cause of Death for Patients with Clostridium difficile Infection
PDF Version [PDF - 164 KB - 2 pages]
R. Gilca et al.
Characterization of Mycobacterium orygis
PDF Version [PDF - 163 KB - 2 pages]
N. C. Gey van Pittius et al.
Epsilonproteobacteria in Humans, New Zealand
PDF Version [PDF - 229 KB - 2 pages]
S. Bullman et al.
About the Cover
- Page created: January 22, 2013
- Page last updated: January 22, 2013
- Page last reviewed: January 22, 2013
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID)
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