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Volume 18, Number 12—December 2012

Dispatch

Avian Influenza Vaccination of Poultry and Passive Case Reporting, Egypt

Timothée VergneComments to Author , Vladimir Grosbois, Yilma Jobre, Ahmed Saad, Amira Abd El Nabi, Shereen Galal, Mohamed Kalifa, Soheir Abd El Kader, Gwenaëlle Dauphin, François Roger, Juan Lubroth, and Marisa Peyre
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Centre International de Recherche en Agriculture pour le Développement, Montpellier, France (T. Vergne, V. Grosbois, F. Roger, M. Peyre); French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Maisons-Alfort, France (T. Vergne); Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Cairo, Egypt (Y. Jobre, A. Saad, A. Abd El Nabi); Central Laboratory for Veterinary Quality Control of Poultry Production, Giza, Egypt (S. Galal, M, Kalifa); General Organisation for Veterinary Services, Cairo (S. Abd El Kader); Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy (G. Dauphin, J. Lubroth)

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Table 1

Avian influenza vaccination and disease detection history of districts reporting highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) in poultry and humans, Egypt*

Detection history

No. districts reporting infection
AS†
PS‡
Part S§
SH¶
Period 1
Period 2
1 0 0 0 13 6
0 1 0 0 22 38
0 0 1 0 4 5
0 0 0 1 15 4
1 1 0 0 3 7
1 0 1 0 1 1
1 0 0 1 7 1
0 1 1 0 1 20
0 1 0 1 2 3
0 0 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 0 1 2
1 1 0 1 2 1
1 0 1 1 0 0
0 1 1 1 0 5
1 1 1 1 1 2
0 0 0 0 NK# NK

*Columns1–4 describe detection of infection by various protocols: 1 = infection reported using protocol; 0 = no infection reported using protocol, e.g., the first line corresponds to the districts in which infection was detected only by the active surveillance of poultry. Period 1, Dec 2008–Jun 2009; period 2, Dec 2009–Jun 2010.
†Active surveillance of poultry.
‡Passive surveillance of poultry.
§Participatory surveillance of poultry.
¶Surveillance in humans.
#NK, not known.

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