Volume 18, Number 2—February 2012
Diphtheria in the Postepidemic Period, Europe, 2000–2009
|Vaccination status||Classic respiratory diphtheria (with membrane)||Mild respiratory diphtheria/severe pharyngitis||Cutaneous||Other||Asymptomatic||Not known||Total|
*DIPNET, Diphtheria Surveillance Network. p = 0.001 by test for trend (vaccination status and disease severity).
†Bacterial endocarditis (C. diphtheriae, fully vaccinated)
‡One cutaneous case-patient also had a sore throat.
§Isolation from blood (C. ulcerans, vaccination status not known).
¶Includes 2 case-patients infected with C. diphtheriae who died and are assumed to have respiratory symptoms without specific details available.
1Additional members of the Diphtheria Surveillance Network who contributed data are listed in Technical Appendix 1.