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Volume 18, Number 2—February 2012

Dispatch

Shuni Virus as Cause of Neurologic Disease in Horses

Charmaine van Eeden, June H. Williams, Truuske G.H. Gerdes, Erna van Wilpe, Adrianne Viljoen, Robert Swanepoel, and Marietjie VenterComments to Author 
Author affiliations: University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa (C. van Eeden, J.H. Williams, E. van Wilpe, A. Viljoen, R. Swanepoel); Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Pretoria (T.G.H. Gerdes); National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Sandringham, South Africa (M. Venter)

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Table

Clinical signs in horses with Shuni virus infection, South Africa, 2009–2010

Case no. Age, y District, province Specimen Date received Clinical signs Outcome
SAE 18/09 1 Vaalwater,
Limpopo Brain, cell culture 2009 Jan 16 Ataxia, tremors, convulsions, recumbent with paddling of legs Euthanized
SAE 72/09 5 Bapsfontein,
Gauteng Brain 2009 Jul 2 Depression, anorexia, ataxia, recumbent with paddling of legs Euthanized
SAE 27/10 18 Unrecorded,
Gauteng Blood 2010 Apr 13 Tremors, petechiae, quadriplegia Euthanized
SAE 38/10* 4 Kimberly,
Northern Cape Blood 2010 Apr 14 Fever, anorexia, leukopenia Survived
SAE 39/10 4 Kimberly,
Northern Cape Blood 2010 Apr 14 Fever, anorexia, leukopenia Survived
SAE 48/10 4 Norvalspont,
Northern Cape Blood 2010 Apr 23 Depression, anemia, icterus, hepatitis, anorexia, ataxia, partial paresis Survived
SAE 109/10 13 Bronkhorstspruit,
Gauteng Blood 2010 Jul 27 Depression, anorexia, ataxia, tremors, hyperaesthesia Survived

*Co-infected with Middelburg virus.

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