A Spatial Analysis of Individual- and Neighborhood-Level Determinants of Malaria Incidence in Adults, Ontario, Canada
Rose Eckhardt , Lea Berrang-Ford , Nancy A. Ross, Dylan R. Pillai1, and David L. Buckeridge
Author affiliations: McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (R. Eckhardt, L. Berrang-Ford, N.A. Ross, D.L. Buckeridge); University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.R. Pillai); Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.R. Pillai); Agence de la Santé et des Services Sociaux de Montréal, Montreal (D.L. Buckeridge)
Figure 1. . . Locations of persons from whom 990 blood samples were taken and tested for malaria by the Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Ontario, Canada, 2008–2009. Red dots, malaria case-patients (positive test results); blue circles, controls (negative test results). A) All observations; B) the most significant space–time cluster for malaria patients (circle), greater Toronto area, during May 15–November 6, 2008 (relative risk 3.54; p<0.01).
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