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Volume 18, Number 5—May 2012

Research

A Spatial Analysis of Individual- and Neighborhood-Level Determinants of Malaria Incidence in Adults, Ontario, Canada

Rose EckhardtComments to Author , Lea Berrang-FordComments to Author , Nancy A. Ross, Dylan R. Pillai1, and David L. Buckeridge
Author affiliations: McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (R. Eckhardt, L. Berrang-Ford, N.A. Ross, D.L. Buckeridge); University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.R. Pillai); Ontario Agency for Health Protection and Promotion, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (D.R. Pillai); Agence de la Santé et des Services Sociaux de Montréal, Montreal (D.L. Buckeridge)

Main Article

Table 2

Univariate analysis of malaria case-patients and controls, Ontario, Canada, 2008–2009

Variable Case-patients Controls p value
Total, no. (%) 94 (100) 259 (100)
Individual level
Sex, no. (%)
M 65 (69) 130 (50) <0.01*
F 23 (25) 129 (50)
Not reported 6 (6) 0
Age, mean (95% CI) 42.5 (39.4–45.7) 41.4 (39.3–43.5) 0.57†
Neighborhood-level, mean (95% CI)
Population density, persons/km 4,633 (3,926–5,340) 6,498 (5,634–7,363) 0.12‡
Median income (Canadian dollars) 28,140 (26,232–30,047) 30,802 (29,416–32,187) 0.04†
Residents who are immigrants from malaria-endemic areas, % 18.1 (15.5–20.7) 8.8 (7.6–10.0) <0.01‡

2 test.
†Student t test.
‡Mann-Whitney U test.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

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