Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 18, Number 5—May 2012


Origin of Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1 in Rural Côte d’Ivoire

Sébastien Calvignac-Spencer, Edgard V. Adjogoua, Chantal Akoua-Koffi, Claudia Hedemann, Grit Schubert, Heinz Ellerbrok, Siv Aina Jensen Leendertz, Georg Pauli, and Fabian H. LeendertzComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Robert Koch-Institut, Berlin, Germany (S. Calvignac-Spencer, C. Hedemann, G. Schubert, H, Ellerbrok, S.A. Jensen Leendertz, G. Pauli, F. H. Leendertz); Institut Pasteur, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire (E.V. Adjogoua, C. Akoua-Koffi)

Main Article

Table 2

Type of nonhuman primate contact by participants in a study of the origin of HTLV-1 in rural western Africa, 2006–2007*

Variable Activity resulting in contact
Hunting Dismembering Preparing or cooking Eating
Women, n = 402 0% 62.4% 66.9% 81.3%
Men, n = 371 11.6% 63.6% 21.6% 90.8%
Relative exposure, men vs. women NA 1.02 0.32 1.12

*Sex assignation was lost for 3 persons; thus, the total sampling size was 773 rather than 776, the total number included in the study. HTLV-1, human T-lymphotropic virus type1; NA, not applicable.

Main Article

Top of Page The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO