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Volume 19, Number 1—January 2013

CME ACTIVITY

Listeriosis Outbreaks and Associated Food Vehicles, United States, 1998–2008

Emily J. Cartwright, Kelly A. Jackson, Shacara D. Johnson, Lewis M. Graves, Benjamin J. SilkComments to Author , and Barbara E. Mahon
Author affiliations: Author affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Table 1

Reported listeriosis outbreaks (n = 24) by year, Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System, United States, 1998–2008*

Study period, year†
Multistate
Duration, d
Total no. cases‡
No. hospitalizations
No. deaths
Listeria monocytogenes serotype
Food vehicle (reference)
Early
1998 Yes 389 108 101 14 4b Frankfurters (19)
No NA 4 NA NA NA Frankfurters
1999 No NA 6 NA NA NA Unknown
No NA 4 NA NA 1/2a Frankfurters
No NA 5 5 1 NA Deli meat
Yes NA 11 NA NA 1/2a Pâté
No NA 2 2 1 NA Deli meat
2000 No 122 13 13 0 4b Mexican-style cheese (22)
Yes 151 30 29 4 1/2a Deli meat (14)
2001 No 3 28 0 0 1/2a Deli meat (21)
2002 Yes 100 54 NA 8 4b Deli meat (15)
2003
No NA 3 NA NA 4b Unknown
No
NA
12
12
1
4b
Mexican-style cheese
Late
2005 No 32 6 6 0 4b Unknown
No 7 3 3 0 1/2b Grilled chicken
Yes 37 13 13 1 1/2a Deli meat
No 36 12 12 0 4b Mexican-style cheese
2006 No 7 2 1 1 4b Unknown
No 2 2 0 0 1/2b Taco or nacho salad
No 1 3 2 1 4b Cheese
2007 No 163 5 5 3 4b Milk (20)
2008 No 47 5 5 3 1/2a Tuna salad (23)
Yes 351 20 2 0 1/2a Sprouts
Yes 150 8 4 0 1/2a Mexican-style cheese (24)

*NA, no data available.
†No listeriosis cases were reported in 2004.
‡Includes laboratory-confirmed and epidemiologically linked cases.

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