Sheep-to-Human Transmission of Orf Virus during Eid al-Adha Religious Practices, France
Antoine Nougairede1 , Christelle Fossati1, Nicolas Salez, Stephan Cohen-Bacrie, Laetitia Ninove, Fabrice Michel, Samer Aboukais, Mathias Buttner, Christine Zandotti, Xavier de Lamballerie, and Remi N. Charrel
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Aix-Marseille University, Marseille, France (A. Nougairede, N. Salez, L. Ninove, X. de Lamballerie, R.N. Charrel); Assistance Publique–Hopitaux de Marseille, Marseille (A. Nougairede, L. Ninove, C. Zandotti, X. de Lamballerie, R.N. Charrel); Hôpital Paul Desbief, Marseille (C. Fossati); AlphaBio Laboratory, Marseille (S. Cohen-Bacrie); Service Santé, Protection Animales et Environnement, Marseille (F. Michel); Regional Office of the French Institute for Public Health Surveillance (Institut de Veille Sanitaire), Marseille (S. Aboukais); Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Oberschleißheim, Germany (M. Buttner)
Figure 2. . Natural history of Orf virus infection and diagnosis in 5 persons who butchered or prepared lambs as part of a religious practice for Eid al-Adha (the Muslim Feast of Sacrifice), Marseille, France, 2011. Arrows indicate events for the first cluster of cases among 3 related persons (a brother and sister and their aunt).
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