Acute Toxoplasma gondii Infection among Family Members in the United States
Despina G. Contopoulos-Ioannidis , Yvonne Maldonado, and Jose G. Montoya
Author affiliations: Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA (D.G. Contopoulos-Ioannidis, Y. Maldonado, J.G. Montoya); Palo Alto Medical Foundation Toxoplasma Serology Laboratory, Palo Alto, California, USA (D.G. Contopoulos-Ioannidis, J.G. Montoya)
Figure. . Flowchart for the identification of families with an index case-patient who had acute toxoplasmosis and >1 family member with acute or recent Toxoplasmagondii. infection. Data were extracted from the database of the Palo Alto Medical Foundation Toxoplasma Serology Laboratory (PAMF-TSL; Palo Alto, CA, USA), from patient samples sent to PAMF-TSL during 1991–2010 from laboratories throughout the United States.
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