Transmission and Maintenance Cycle of Bartonella quintana among Rhesus Macaques, China
Hao Li, Wei Liu, Guang-Zhou Zhang, Zhao-Zeng Sun, Jie-Ying Bai, Bao-Gui Jiang, Yao-Yun Zhang, Xiao-Guang Zhao, Hong Yang, Guang Tian, Yu-Chuan Li, Lin Zeng, Michael Kosoy, and Wu-Chun Cao
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: State Key Laboratory of Pathogen and Biosecurity�?"Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Beijing, People�?(tm)s Republic of China (H. Li, W. Liu, B.-G. Jiang, Y.-Y. Zhang, X.-G. Zhao, H. Yang, G. Tian, Y.-C. Li, W.-C. Cao); Academy of Military Medical Sciences Laboratory Animal Center, Beijing (G.-Z. Zhang, Z.-Z. Sun, J.-Y. Bai, L. Zeng); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA (M. Kosoy)
Figure 1. . Monitoring surveillance of Bartonella quintana infection in macaques and identification of lice. A) Macaques were housed in linked cages (squares); dashed lines indicate wired net enabling direct contact between macaques, and solid line indicates wall that does not enable contact between macaques. +, positive result for PCR; �?", negative result for PCR. B) Stereomicroscope image of a Pedicinus obtusus louse, a macaque-specific ectoparasite characterized by a slender body �%^1.0�?"3.0 A- 0.5�?"1.0 mm; long, sharp claws in distal end of 6 legs of the same length; and a plurality of rows of small hairs on both sides of the abdomen. Scale barA indicates 500 I1/4m.
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