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Volume 19, Number 8—August 2013

Perspective

Norovirus Disease in the United States

Aron J. HallComments to Author , Ben A. Lopman, Daniel C. Payne, Manish M. Patel, Paul A. Gastañaduy, Jan Vinjé, and Umesh D. Parashar
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Table 1

Studies estimating incidence of norovirus disease, United States*

Study (reference) Age group, y Norovirus-associated outcome Data source Data period Method
Mead et al. (4) All Deaths, hospitalizations, illnesses NHDS, FoodNet 1979–1997 Attributable proportion extrapolation
Patel et al. (2) <5 Hospitalizations, ED visits, outpatient visits NHDS, NAMCS/NHAMCS 1993–2002 Attributable proportion extrapolation
Scallan et al. (6) All Deaths, hospitalizations, illnesses NVSS, HCUP-NIS, NHDS, NAMCS/NHAMCS, FoodNet 2000–2006 Attributable proportion extrapolation
Hall et al. (7) All Outpatient visits, illnesses HMO passive surveillance, FoodNet 2004–2005 Laboratory-confirmed population-based surveillance
Payne et al. (8) <5 Hospitalizations, ED visits, outpatient visits NVSN active surveillance, NAMCS/NHAMCS 2008–2010 Laboratory-confirmed population-based surveillance
Hall et al. (9) <5, 5–64, ≥65 Deaths NVSS 1999–2007 Indirect attribution from regression modeling
Lopman et al. (10) <5, 5–17, 18–64, 65–74, 75–84, ≥85 Hospitalizations HCUP-NIS 1996–2007 Indirect attribution from regression modeling
Gastañaduy et al. (11) <5, 5–17, 18–64, ≥65 ED visits, outpatient visits MarketScan 2001–2009 Indirect attribution from regression modeling

*NHDS, National Hospital Discharge Survey; ED, emergency department; NAMCS/NHAMCS, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey; NVSS, National Vital Statistics System; HCUP-NIS, Healthcare Cost Utilization Project Nationwide Inpatient Sample; FoodNet, Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network; HMO, health maintenance organization; NVSN, New Vaccine Surveillance Network.

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