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Volume 3, Number 4—December 1997
THEME ISSUE
Foodborne

Factors that Influence the Emergence or Reemergence and Dissemination of Microbial Foodborne Pathogens and Human Disease

Produce Handling and Processing Practices

Larry R. BeuchatComments to Author  and Jee-Hoon Ryu
Author affiliations: University of Georgia, Griffin, Georgia, USA

Main Article

Table

Sources of pathogenic microorganisms on fresh fruits vegetables*

Preharvest
Feces
Soil
Irrigation water
Water used to apply fungicides, insecticides
Green or inadequately composted manure
Air (dust)
Wild and domestic animals (including fowl and reptiles)
Insects
Human handling
Postharvest
Feces
Human handling (workers, consumers)
Harvesting equipment
Transport containers (field to packing shed)
Wild and domestic animals (including fowl and reptiles)
Insects
Air (dust)
Wash and rinse water
Sorting, packing, cutting, and further processing equipment
Ice
Transport vehicles
Improper storage (temperature, physical environment)
Improper packaging (including new packaging technologies)
Cross-contamination (order foods in storage, preparation, and display areas)
Improper display temperature
Improper handling after wholesale or retail purchase

*Adapted from Beuchat

Main Article

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