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Volume 6, Number 3—June 2000

Dispatch

Bartonella spp. Isolated from Wild and Domestic Ruminants in North America 1

Chao-Chin Chang*, Bruno B. Chomel*Comments to Author , Rickie W. Kasten*, Remy Heller†, Katherine M. Kocan‡, Hiroshi Ueno§, Kazuhiro Yamamoto*, Vernon C. Bleich¶, Becky M. Pierce¶, Ben J. Gonzales¶, Pamela K. Swift¶, Walter M. Boyce*, Spencer S. Jang*, Henri-Jean Boulouis#, and Yves Piémont†
Author affiliations: *School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California, USA; †Institut de Bactériologie, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France; ‡College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA; §School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno-Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Hokkaido, Japan; ¶California Department of Fish and Game, Bishop, Rancho Cordova, California, USA; #Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire d'Alfort, 94704 Maison-Alfort, France

Main Article

Table 2

DNA similarity values based on 276 bp of the citrate synthase gene of the nine ruminant strains compared with those of the Bartonella strains in GenBank

Organism/
Accession # % Similarity
Strain cattle-1 Strain deer-1 Strain deer-2 Strain deer-4 Strain deer-5 Strain Deer-6 Strain elk-1 Strain elk-2 Strain elk-3
B. bacilliformis
U28076 86.59 87.68 87.32 84.78 85.51 84.78 86.59 87.32 87.68
B. grahamii
Z70016 90.22 90.22 90.58 91.67 90.22 90.58 90.58 90.58 89.49
B. taylorii
Z70013 88.41 87.32 86.96 87.68 87.68 87.68 88.04 86.96 88.04
B. tribocorum
AJ005494 89.86 89.13 89.49 90.58 89.13 88.41 89.49 89.49 88.04
B. doshiae
Z70017 88.41 86.59 86.96 86.96 86.23 87.68 88.04 86.96 85.87
B. vinsonii subsp. vinsonii
U28074 88.69 89.05 87.96 88.69 88.69 89.42 88.32 87.96 87.96
B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii
U28075 89.86 89.49 89.13 87.68 87.68 88.41 89.49 89.13 86.96
B. vinsonii subsp. arupensis
U77057 90.22 89.13 89.13 90.94 90.94 90.22 89.86 89.13 88.77
B. weissii
AF071190 99.64 95.65 96.01 94.57 94.57 94.20 100.00 96.01 94.57
B. clarridgeiae
U84386 90.58 89.49 89.86 88.77 88.04 88.77 90.22 89.86 89.49
B. henselae strain 
U-4 90.58 88.41 89.49 88.77 88.77 87.32 90.22 89.49 87.68
B. henselae strain Houston-1
L38987 90.58 88.41 89.49 88.77 88.77 87.32 90.22 89.49 87.68
B. koehlerae
AF176091 89.13 88.41 88.77 89.49 88.77 87.32 88.77 88.77 87.32
B. quintana
Z70014 90.22 88.04 88.41 87.68 86.96 88.41 89.86 88.41 88.77
B. elizabethae
Z70009 88.41 88.04 88.41 90.22 88.77 89.49 88.04 88.41 88.04
Strain C7-rat
Z70020 88.41 88.04 88.41 90.22 88.77 89.49 88.04 88.41 88.04
Strain C5-rat
Z70018 88.77 88.77 89.13 90.22 88.77 87.32 88.77 89.13 87.68
Strain C4-phy
Z70019 87.32 86.23 86.96 86.96 86.96 86.59 86.96 86.96 85.15
Strain C1-phy
Z70022 86.59 85.51 86.23 86.23 86.23 85.87 86.23 86.23 84.42
Strain R-phy2
Z70011 87.32 86.23 86.96 86.96 86.96 86.59 86.96 86.96 85.15
Strain R-phy1
Z70010 88.04 87.68 88.04 87.32 87.32 87.32 87.68 88.04 85.87
Strain N40
Z70012 90.22 88.77 89.13 88.77 87.32 87.32 89.86 89.13 86.96
Strain A1
U84372 88.77 87.68 88.77 88.04 87.32 88.04 88.41 88.77 86.23
Strain A2
U84373 88.41 87.32 88.41 87.68 87.68 87.68 88.04 88.41 86.23
Strain A3
U84374 88.77 88.04 88.77 88.04 88.04 88.04 88.41 88.77 86.23
Strain B1
U84375 88.49 89.13 88.77 88.77 88.77 89.49 89.13 88.77 88.04
Strain B2
U84376 89.86 89.49 89.13 88.41 88.41 89.13 89.49 89.13 87.68
Strain C1
U84377 88.77 89.13 88.77 87.68 86.96 88.41 88.41 88.77 86.59
Strain C2
U84378 88.77 89.13 88.77 87.68 86.96 88.41 88.41 88.77 86.59
Strain D1
U84379 89.86 88.77 88.77 90.58 90.58 89.86 89.49 88.77 88.41
Strain D2
U84380 90.22 89.13 89.13 90.94 90.94 90.22 89.86 89.13 88.41
Strain D3
U84381 90.58 89.86 89.49 90.58 90.58 90.58 90.22 89.49 88.77
Strain D4
U84382 90.22 89.13 89.13 90.94 90.94 90.22 89.86 89.13 88.77
Strain D5
U84383 89.49 89.13 88.41 90.22 90.22 89.49 89.13 88.41 88.04
Strain D6
U84384 90.58 89.86 89.49 90.58 90.58 90.58 90.22 89.49 88.77
Strain D7
U84385
U8
U84385 90.22 89.13 89.13 90.94 90.94 90.22 89.86 89.13 88.41

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1An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Second International Conference on Emerging Zoonoses, Strasbourg, France, November 5-9, 1998.

2Collection sites were for bighorn sheep, the Peninsular Ranges in California and the San Francisco River, Turkey Creek, and Red Rock in New Mexico; and for elk, the San Luis National Wildlife Refuge in Merced County and the Tupman Tule Elk State Reserve in Kern County, California, and the Roseburg, Drain, and Demet herds, Douglas County (south western Oregon), and the Jewell Wildlife Area, Clatsop County, (north western Oregon).

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