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Volume 8, Number 4—April 2002

Research

Introduction of West Nile Virus in the Middle East by Migrating White Storks

Mertyn Malkinson*Comments to Author , Caroline Banet*, Yoram Weisman*, Shimon Pokamunski†, Roni King‡, Vincent Deubel§, and Marie-Thrse Drouet
Author affiliations: *Kimron Veterinary Institute, Beit Dagan, Israel; †Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Beit Dagan, Israel; ‡Nature and Parks Authority, Jerusalem, Israel; §Pasteur Institute, Lyon, France;

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Table 4

West Nile virus neutralizing antibodies of storks caught at various sites, Israel, 1998–2000

Date of collection Location Age No. pos/ No. test SNa titer
Year Month
1998 Sept 1 Eilat I <1 year 3/11 2x40, 1x>1280
Sept 9 Eilat II Adult 3/3 320, 640, 1280
Oct 8 Eilat III Adult 5/6 20->1280
Oct 12 Kfar Rupin (migrating) Adult 4/8 2x80, 2x640
Oct 20 N. Israel (Resident) Adult 6/10 1x40, 4x80,1x160
1999 Jan 10 N. Israel Adult 2/2 80, 160
Apr 10 (Resident) 1/1 80
May 12 2/2 160, 320
Sept 5 Kfar Rupin <1 year 1/4 40
(migrating) Adult 1/2 80
2000 Jan 3 Neve Eitan (migrating) Adult 9/12 4x80, 4x160, 1x320
Jun 15 Golan Heights
(resident breeders) 3 months 0/4 <10
Total <1 year 4/19 (21.1%)
Adults 33/46 (71.7%)
37/65 (56.9%)

aSN=serum neutralization

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