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Volume 9, Number 1—January 2003

Research

Viral Gastroenteritis Outbreaks in Europe, 1995–2000

Ben Lopman*†Comments to Author , Mark Reacher*, Yvonne van Duijnhoven‡, François-Xavier Hanon§, David Brown†, and Marion Koopmans‡1
Author affiliations: *Public Health Laboratory Service Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London, England; †Central Public Health Laboratory, London, England; ‡National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), The Netherlands; §Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark

Main Article

Table 1

Sources of information of viral gastroenteritis surveillance systems in the Foodborne Viruses in Europe network

Country
Sources of outbreak data
Diagnostic microbiology laboratory Food safety inspectorate Physician/ patient reports Local/regional public health authority Type of outbreaks reported
Denmark

Yes
Yes
Yes
Food/waterborne
France
Yes


Yes
Food/waterborne
England and Wales



Yes
All
Italy
Yes



All
Finland
Yesa



All
Sweden
Yes



All
Germany
Yes


Yesb
All
Slovenia
Yes


Yes
All
Spain
Yes


Yes
All
the Netherlandsc Yes Yes Yes Yes Alld

aParticipant is sole laboratory performing viral testing, and coordination is conducted at National Public Health Laboratory and National Food Administration.
bNorovirus became a reported disease in January 2000. From 1997 to 2000, reports from local health departments were collected unsystematically.
cDutch national data were collected from three systems: notification system, food safety inspectorate, and laboratory-based system (from diagnostic microbiology laboratories, local/regional public health authorities, physician/patient reports, and other institutions in which outbreaks occurred).
dFoodborne only for systems 1 and 2.

Main Article

1On behalf of the Foodborne Viruses in Europe group, which includes: the Netherlands: M. Koopmans, H. Vennena, Y. van Duynhoven, and M.A. Widdowson,; Finland: K.-H. von Bonsdorff, L. Maunula; Denmark: B. Böttiger, K. Mølbak, F.X. Hanon; Sweden: L. Svensson, K.-O. Hedlund, Maria Thorvag, Juan Carrique-Mas; United Kingdom: D. Brown, M. Reacher, J. Green, B. Lopman; Germany: E. Schreier, H. Gelderblom, Andrea Ammon; Spain: A. Sanchez-Faquier, G. Hernández-Pezzi, A. Bosch, J. Buesa; France: F. LeGuyader, P. Pothier, E. Kohli; Italy: F. Ruggeri, D. DeMedici; and Slovenia: M. Poljsak-Prijatelj, A. Hocevar-Grom.

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