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Volume 9, Number 1—January 2003

Research

Viral Gastroenteritis Outbreaks in Europe, 1995–2000

Ben Lopman*†Comments to Author , Mark Reacher*, Yvonne van Duijnhoven‡, François-Xavier Hanon§, David Brown†, and Marion Koopmans‡1
Author affiliations: *Public Health Laboratory Service Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre, London, England; †Central Public Health Laboratory, London, England; ‡National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), The Netherlands; §Statens Serum Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark

Main Article

Table 4

Foodborne transmission and supporting evidence of implicated food vehicles, European surveillance, 2000

Country Total outbreaks Food/waterborne outbreaks (%) Evidence
Laboratorya Statisticalb
Denmark
17
16 (94)
1
0
England and Wales
290
20 (7)
1
4
Finland
58
14 (24)
0
0
France
28
28 (100)
2
1
Germany
227



Italy
2
0


Slovenia
14
2 (14)
0
0
Spain
14
1 (7)
0
1
Sweden
190



the Netherlands 41 7 (17) 0 2

aSame organism found in stool specimen and food vehicle.
bStatistically significant result from cohort or case-control study.

Main Article

1On behalf of the Foodborne Viruses in Europe group, which includes: the Netherlands: M. Koopmans, H. Vennena, Y. van Duynhoven, and M.A. Widdowson,; Finland: K.-H. von Bonsdorff, L. Maunula; Denmark: B. Böttiger, K. Mølbak, F.X. Hanon; Sweden: L. Svensson, K.-O. Hedlund, Maria Thorvag, Juan Carrique-Mas; United Kingdom: D. Brown, M. Reacher, J. Green, B. Lopman; Germany: E. Schreier, H. Gelderblom, Andrea Ammon; Spain: A. Sanchez-Faquier, G. Hernández-Pezzi, A. Bosch, J. Buesa; France: F. LeGuyader, P. Pothier, E. Kohli; Italy: F. Ruggeri, D. DeMedici; and Slovenia: M. Poljsak-Prijatelj, A. Hocevar-Grom.

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