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Volume 9, Number 12—December 2003

Research

Multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in HIV-Infected Persons, Peru

Pablo E. Campos*†, Pedro G. Suarez‡§, Jorge Sanchez†, David Zavala‡, Jorge Arevalo‡, Eduardo Ticona‡, Charles M. Nolan*¶, Thomas M. Hooton*, and King K. Holmes*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; †Cayetano Heredia University, Lima, Peru; ‡Peruvian Ministry of Health, Lima-Peru; §Asociacion Civil Impacta Salud y Educacion (IMPACTA), Lima, Peru; ¶Public Health Seattle-King County, Seattle, Washington, USA

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Table 1

Demographic characteristics, past medical history, and potential exposures to tuberculosis (TB) of participants with and without known HIV infectiona

Variable HIV-infected (n = 81)
Negative or unknown HIV status (n = 108)
p value or OR (9 5% CI)b
Mean ± SD, or % Mean ± SD, or %
Age
31.6 ± 7.0
29.3 ± 11.9
0.13
Male
80
57
3.0 (1.6 to 5.9)
Marital status



Single
59
52
0.42
Married
9
20
0.05
Divorced/widowed
11
28
<0.01
Cohabitant
21
0
<0.01
Y of education
9.6 ± 2.8
10.3 ± 2.1
0.08
No. residents/no. bedrooms
3.0 ± 2.0
2.8 ± 1.4
0.48
Family income
603 ± 333
845 ± 404
<0.01
Family owns home
75
88
0.4 (0.2 to 0.9)
Employedd
63
28
4.4 (2.4 to 8.2)
Exposure to TB at workd
17
3
7.3 (2.0 to 26.4)
Exposure to TB at homed
16
1
20 (2.6 to 160)
Previously treated TBd
27
9
3.6 (1.6 to 8.3)
Ambulatory care at health centersc
21
5
5.5 (1.9 to 16)
Ambulatory care at hospitalsc
40
1
70 (9.3 to 526)
Inpatient carec
14
0
<0.001
Inpatient MoH hospitalsc
11
0
<0.001
Any exposure to hospitalc
44
1
86 (11.4 to 644)
TB prophylaxise 22 0 <0.001

aOR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; MoH, Ministry of Health.
bp values proved when comparing means or when one column had a value of 0.
cVariables reported by patients to have occurred during the 12 months before onset of symptoms.
dExposure to someone with TB at work or at home during the 12 months before onset of symptoms.
eEver in the past.

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