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Volume 10, Number 12—December 2004

Research

Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus, Southern Mexico

José G. Estrada-Franco*, Roberto Navarro-Lopez†, Jerome E. Freier‡, Dionicio Cordova§, Tamara Clements¶, Abelardo Moncayo*, Wenli Kang*, Carlos Gomez-Hernandez#, Gabriela Rodriguez-Dominguez#, George V. Ludwig¶, and Scott C. Weaver*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA; †Comision Mexico-Estados Unidos para la Prevencion de la Fiebre Aftosa y Otras Enfermedades Exoticas de los Animales, Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico; ‡U.S. Department of Agriculture, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA; §Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agricolas y Pecuarias (INIFAP) Mexico City, Mexico; ¶U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Ft. Detrick, Maryland, USA; #Instituto de Salud de la Secretaria de Salud de Chiapas, Tuxtla Gutierrez, Chiapas, Mexico

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Table 2

VEEV seroprevalence in wild animals from coastal Chiapas State, Mexicoa

Species Locality No. Collected Month (2000) % pos Titers (test)
Philander opossum Pampa Honda 2 Apr 0 0
   (Marsupialia; Didelphidae) Las Coaches 5 Nov 20 640 (HI)
Didelphis marsupialis La Providencia 1 Jun 100 160 (HI)
   (Marsupialia; Didelphidae)
Orizomis alfaroi Pampa Honda 2 Apr 50 20 (PRNT)
   (Rodent: Muridae) Pampa Honda 4 Aug 0
Orizomis couesi (Rodent; Muridae) Pampa Honda 2 Apr 0
Pampa Honda 1 Aug 0
Santa Olga 6 Nov 0
Sigmodon hispidus (Rodent; Muridae) Pampa Honda 1 Apr 0
La Providencia 6 Aug 100 20–160 (HI)
San Pedro 2 Jun 0
Rattus rattus (Rodent; Muridae) Pampa Honda 2 Aug 0
Bovines (1.5 mo age) Las Coaches 20 Nov 70 20–640 (PRNT)
Canis familiaris (dog) Pampa Honda 3 Jun 33 20 (PRNT)
Chicken Pampa Honda 5 Jun 20 20 (PRNT)
Meleagris gallopavo (turkey) Pampa Honda 3 Jun 33 20 (PRNT)
Anser cinereus (goose) Pampa Honda 1 Jun 100 320 (PRNT)

aVEEV, Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus; HI, hemagglutination inhibition; PRNT, plaque reduction neutralization test; pos, positive.

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