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Volume 13, Number 10—October 2007


Evolutionary Relationships between Bat Coronaviruses and Their Hosts

Jie Cui*†1, Naijian Han‡1, Daniel Streicker§, Gang Li‡, Xianchun Tang*, Zhengli Shi¶, Zhihong Hu¶, Guoping Zhao#, Arnaud Fontanet**, Yi Guan††, Linfa Wang‡‡, Gareth Jones§§, Hume E. Field¶¶, Shuyi Zhang*Comments to Author , and Peter Daszak##Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *East China Normal University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; †Hebei Normal University, Hebei, People’s Republic of China; ‡Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; §University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA;; ¶Wuhan Institute of Virology, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China; #Shanghai Institutes of Biological Sciences, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; **Insitut Pasteur, Paris, France; ††University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People’s Republic of China; ‡‡Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; §§University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom; ¶¶Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Yeerongpilly, Queensland, Australia; ##Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, New York, USA;

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Bat host species analyzed and their typical roosting sites*

Host species No. sampled 
(no. RT positive) Roosting sites GenBank accession no.† Location
Miniopterus magnater 365 (56) Caves EF517305‡ Hubei, China
EF517306‡ Yunnan, China
EF517308‡ Hainan, China

Hong Kong, China
Myotis ricketti 76 (14) Caves EF517316‡ Beijing, China
AB106608 Guangdong, China

Pipistrellus abramus 55 (18) Old buildings AB085739 Japan

P. pipistrellus
27 (6)
Old buildings
Scotophilus kuhlii 43 (5) Under palm leaves EF543860‡ Hainan

Tylonycteris pachypus 35 (6) Internodes of bamboo EF517315‡ Guangdong, China
EF517313‡ Guangxi, China

Hong Kong, China
Rhinolophus ferrumequinum 49 (5) Caves DQ297575 Yunnan, China
DQ351847 Jilin, China

R. macrotis 8 (1) Caves EF517311‡ Yunnan, China

Yunnan, China
R. pearsoni 78 (4) Caves EF517309‡ Guizhou, China
EF517310‡ Yunnan, China

Sichuan, China
R. sinicus 125 (24) Caves EF517303‡ Guizhou, China
EF517304‡ Guizhou, China

*Bats roosting in caves usually have higher population densities and greater chances of physical contact. RT, reverse transcription.
†For mitochondrial cytochome b gene sequences.
‡These sequences were provided by our laboratory.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this study.