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Volume 13, Number 12—December 2007

Research

Studies of Reservoir Hosts for Marburg Virus

Robert Swanepoel*Comments to Author , Sheilagh B. Smit*, Pierre E. Rollin†, Pierre Formenty‡, Patricia A. Leman*, Alan Kemp*, Felicity J. Burt§, Antoinette A. Grobbelaar*, Janice Croft*, Daniel G. Bausch¶, Hervé Zeller#, Herwig Leirs††, L.E.O. Braack‡‡, Modeste L. Libande§§, Sherif Zaki†, Stuart T. Nichol†, Thomas G. Ksiazek†, Janusz T. Paweska*, and on behalf of the International ScientificTechnical Committee for Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever Control in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Author affiliations: *National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Sandringham, Republic of South Africa; †Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ‡World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; §University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa; ¶Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA; #Institut Pasteur, Lyon, France; **University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium; ††University of Aarhus, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark; ‡‡Conservation International, Cape Town, South Africa; §§Department of Health, Watsa, Democratic Republic of the Congo;

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Table

Results from Marburg virus testing of specimens collected in Durba, northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, May and October 1999

Species Total no. sampled Marburg ELISA antibody, no. positive/no. tested (%) Filovirus L RT-PCR and virus isolation Marburg nested VP35 RT-PCR, no. positive/no. tested (%)
Chiroptera: Microchiroptera
Hipposideros caffer 13 0/10 0/13 0/7
H. commersoni 17 0/16 0/17 0/13
Miniopterus inflatus 38 0/34 0/38 1/33 (3.0)
Nycteris hispida 1 0/1 0/1 0/1
Rhinolophus eloquens 222 20/206 (9.7) 0/222 7/197 (3.6)
Rh. landeri
1

0/1

Chiroptera: Megachiroptera
Lissonycteris angolensis 3 0/3 0/3 0/3
Rousettus aegyptiacus
230
32/156 (20.5)
0/230
4/127 (3.1)
Rodentia
Lemniscomys striatus 10 0/10 0/10
Lophuromys sikapusi 2 0/2 0/2
Mastomys natalensis 4 0/4 0/4 0/1
Mus (Nannomys) minutoides 11 0/11 0/11 0/2
Praomys delectorum 14 0/14 0/14 0/4
Taterillus emini 1 0/1 0/1 0/1
Rattus norvegicus
5
0/5
0/5
0/1
Insectivora: Sorcidae (Crocidura spp.) 3 0/3 0/3
Amphibia: Anura (unidentified frog) 1 0/1 0/1
Arthropoda: Crustacea (unidentified crab) 4 0/4 0/4
Arthropoda: Hexapoda, Arachnida* ≈2,000 0/22†

*Cockroaches, crickets, spiders, wasps, moth flies, streblids, nycteribiids, mites.
†Pooled specimens.

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