Volume 13, Number 7—July 2007
Brazilian Vaccinia Viruses and Their Origins
|Virus||Year of isolation||Source||Place of isolation and biome||Reference|
|VACV-LIS||1870||Prussian soldier||Vaccine Institute, Cologne, Germany||(3)|
|VACV-WR||1876||NYCBH strain||New York City Department of Health Laboratory||(3)|
|SAV†||1961||Rodent, sentinel mice||São Paulo State, Atlantic tropical rainforest, Brazil||(6)|
|BAV||1963||Rodent, Oryzomys sp.||Para State, Amazon tropical rainforest, Brazil||(4,5)|
|VBH||1998||Rodent, BALB-c mice||Minas Gerais State, Cerrado woodland/savanna, Brazil||(9)|
|ARAV||1999||Cow||São Paulo State, Cerrado woodland/savanna Brazil||(7)|
|CTGV||1999||Cow||Rio de Janeiro State, Atlantic tropical rainforest, Brazil||(8)|
|GP1V||2001||Cow||Minas Gerais State, Atlantic tropical rainforest, Brazil||(13)|
|GP2V||2001||Cow||Minas Gerais State, Atlantic tropical rainforest||(13)|
|PSTV||2003||Cow||Minas Gerais State, Atlantic tropical rainforest, Brazil||(11)|
|VACV-IOC||ND†||Probable Paris strain||ND||(3,8)|
* VACV, vaccinia virus; LIS, Lister; WR, Western Reserve; NYCBH, New York City Board of Health; SAV, SpAn232 virus; BAV, BeAn 58058 virus; VBH, Belo Horizonte virus; ARAV, Araçatuba virus; CTGV, Cantagalo virus; GP, Guarani virus; PSTV, Passatempo virus; IOC, Oswaldo Cruz Institute; ND, not determined.
†This virus was studied by the viral laboratory in Minas Gerais State in 1979 and cloned in Vero cells during the 1990s (4). It was originally collected and referred to as Cotia virus, which was repeatedly isolated throughout the 1960s and 1970s by the Adolfo Lutz Institute in Brazil (33).