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Volume 14, Number 3—March 2008


Exposure to Novel Parainfluenza Virus and Clinical Relevance in 2 Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) Populations

Stephanie Venn-Watson*Comments to Author , Rebecca Rivera‡, Cynthia R. Smith*, Jeremiah T. Saliki§, Shannon Caseltine§1, Judy St. Leger¶, Pam Yochem‡, Randall S. Wells#, and Hendrik Nollens‡**
Author affiliations: *US Navy Marine Mammal Program, San Diego, California, USA; ‡G2 Software Systems, Inc., San Diego, California, USA; ‡Hubbs-SeaWorld Research Institute, San Diego, California, USA; §Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA; ¶SeaWorld, San Diego, California, USA; #Chicago Zoological Society c/o Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota, Florida, USA; **University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA;

Main Article

Table 4

Comparisons of age, sex, and PIV antibody levels among 2 healthy bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) populations (n = 114)

Descriptor Free-ranging dolphins, Sarasota, Florida (n = 56) Managed dolphins,
San Diego, California (n = 58) p value
Mean age, y
Sex, %
Female 45.6 54.7 0.3

Mean PIV antibody OD405 ratio*
PIV result, % 0.5
Negative 33.9 25.9
Equivocal 58.9 58.6
Positive 7.1 15.5

*PIV, parainfluenza virus; OD405, optical density at 405 nm.

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1Current affiliation: University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA.

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