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Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009

Research

Imported Malaria in Children in Industrialized Countries, 1992–2002

Katrin Stäger, Fabrice Legros, Gérard Krause, Nicola Low, David Bradley, Meghna Desai, Simone Graf, Stefania D’Amato, Yasutaka Mizuno, Ragnhild Janzon, Eskild Petersen, John Kester, Robert Steffen, and Patricia SchlagenhaufComments to Author 
Author affiliations: University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland (K. Stäger, R. Steffen, P. Schlagenhauf); Centre National de Référence de l'Epidémiologie du Paludisme d'Importation et Autochthone, Paris, France (F. Legros); Robert Koch Institut, Berlin, Germany (G. Krause); University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland (N. Low); Health Protection Agency, London, UK (D. Bradley); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (M. Desai); Swiss Federal Office of Public Health, Bern (S. Graf); Ministero della Salute, Rome, Italy (S. D’Amato); Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan (Y. Mizuno); Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Solna, Sweden (R. Janzon); Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark (E. Petersen); United Nations World Tourism Organization, Madrid, Spain (J. Kester)

Main Article

Table 1

Number of imported malaria cases in children in 11 industrialized countries, by year, 1992–2002*

Country Year
Mean no.
cases/y Total
no. cases
1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002
Australia 162 144 138 111 183 160 147 158 119 107 75 137 1,504
Denmark 18 19 26 26 21 18 14 27 35 29 24 23 257
France 102 124 157 255 519 617 738 1,096 1,078 979 953 602 6,618
Germany NA 41 75 65 96 77 57 93 68 113 72 76 757
Italy NA NA NA NA NA NA 93 72 69 96 77 81 407
Japan 5 4 5 9 0 4 1 6 5 2 4 4 45
Netherlands 13 22 17 43 41 36 37 35 79 57 40 38 420
Sweden NA NA NA NA NA 31 21 31 16 20 36 26 155
Switzerland 37 51 37 34 41 49 32 35 34 36 30 38 416
United Kingdom 284 321 296 352 469 358 353 363 333 350 337 347 3,816
United States
159
206
173
215
293
333
253
317
227
263
175
238
2,614
Total cases 780 932 924 1,110 1,663 1,683 1,746 2,233 2,063 2,052 1,823 17,009

*All children were <18 years of age, except in the United Kingdom, where data were available only for children <17 years of age. NA, data not available.

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