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Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009


Enteroviruses in Patients with Acute Encephalitis, Uttar Pradesh, India

Gajanan N. Sapkal, Vijay P. Bondre, Pradip V. Fulmali, Pooja Patil, Vipul Dadhania, Vijay M. Ayachit, Daya Gangale, K.P. Kushwaha, A.K. Rathi, Shobha D. Chitambar, Akhilesh Chandra Mishra, Milind M. GoreComments to Author , and Gopalkrishna
Author affiliations: National Institute of Virology, Pune, India (G.N. Sapkal, V.P. Bondre, P.V. Fulmali, P. Patil, V. Gopalkrishna, V. Dadhania, V.M. Ayachit, D. Gangale, S.D. Chitambar, A.C. Mishra, M.M. Gore); Baba Raghav Das Medical College, Gorakhpur, India (K.P Kushwaha, A.K. Rathi)

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Table 2

Clinical features of encephalitis patients with and without EV infections, Upper Pradesh, India, 2006*

Feature No. (%) EV positive No. (%) EV negative
Fever 51 (100.0) 202 (100.0)
Altered sensorium 51 (100.0) 202 (100.0)
Hepatomegaly 13 (25.49) 21 (10.3)
Splenomegaly 13 (25.49) 32 (15.8)
Brisk DTR 4 (8.51)† 21 (10.3)
Meningeal signs 6 (11.7) 20 (9.9)
Total no. of patients 51 202

*EV, enterovirus; DTR, deep tendon reflex.
†Denominator is 47 because these data were unavailable for 4 patients.

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