Use of Avian Bornavirus Isolates to Induce Proventricular Dilatation Disease in Conures
Patricia Gray, Sharman Hoppes, Paulette Suchodolski, Negin Mirhosseini, Susan Payne, Itamar Villanueva, H.L Shivaprasad, Kirsi S. Honkavuori, Thomas Briese, Sanjay M. Reddy, and Ian Tizard
Author affiliations: Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA (P. Gray, S. Hoppes, P. Suchodolski, N. Mirhosseini, S. Payne, I. Villanueva, S.M. Reddy, I. Tizard); California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, Fresno, California, USA (H.L. Shivaprasad); Columbia University, New York, New York, USA (K.S. Honkavuori, T. Briese)
Figure 3. Proventriculus wall from conure PG8 showing characteristic lymphoplasmacytic infiltration of the subserosal enteric ganglia as well as infiltration of submucosa. This bird had been inoculated 55 days earlier with avian bornavirus, genotype 4. Original magnification ×325.
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