Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 16, Number 3—March 2010


Potential for Tick-borne Bartonelloses

Emmanouil Angelakis, Sarah A. Billeter, Edward B. Breitschwerdt, Bruno B. Chomel, and Didier RaoultComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France (E. Angelakis, D. Raoult); North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA (S.A. Billeter, E.B. Breitschwerdt); University of California School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, California, USA (B.B. Chomel)

Main Article

Table 1

Ticks in which Bartonella spp. DNA has been found*

Tick genus and species Prevalence of Bartonella spp. DNA in ticks, %/no. Identified Bartonella spp. Target gene Reference
Amblyomma americanum 0.43/466 individuals B. tamiae–like IGS (3)
Carios kelleyi 3.2/31 individuals Resembling B. henselae IGS (11)
Dermacentor occidentalis 8.3/12 pools Bartonella spp. gltA (12)
D. reticulatus 21.4/84 individuals B. henselae (99% homology) and B. quintana (90% homology) groEL (13)
D. variabilis 14.3/ 7 pools Bartonella spp. gltA (12)
Haemaphysalis flava 2.7/74 pools Bartonella spp. 16S rRNA (14)
H. longicornis 4.4/1,173 pools Bartonella spp.; 1 pool harbored B. rattimassiliensis (99.2%), 1 pool harbored B. tribocorum (98.3%) 16S rRNA (14)
H. longicornis 36/150 groups (60 individual fed adults, 30 pools of 2 unfed adults, and 60 pools of 5 nymphs) Bartonella spp. gltA (15)
Ixodes nipponensis 5.0/20 pools Bartonella spp. 16S rRNA (14)
I. pacificus 19.2 of 151 individuals B. henselae, B. quintana, B. washoensis, B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii, and a Bartonella cattle strain gltA (16)
I. pacificus 11.6/224 pools Bartonella spp. gltA (12)
I. persulcatus 37.6/125 individuals B. henselae (99% homology) and B. quintana (90% homology) groEL (13)
I. persulcatus 44/50 individuals in 2002 and 38/50 individuals in 2003 B. henselae groEL (17)
I. persulcatus 33.3/3 pools Bartonella spp. 16S rRNA (14)
I. ricinus 1.48/271 individuals B. henselae groEL, pap31, ftsZ (18)
I. ricinus 4.9/102 individuals B. henselae gltA (19)
I. ricinus 60/121 individuals Bartonella spp 16S rRNA (20)
I. ricinus A pool/12 ticks Bartonella spp 16S rDNA (21)
I. ricinus 9.8/92 individuals Bartonella spp.; 1 adult harbored B. schoenbuchensis (96% homology) gltA (22)
I. ricinus 7.7/103 individuals B. capreoli ITS (23)
I. ricinus 1.2/327 individuals Bartonella spp 16S rRNA (24)
I. ricinus Resembling B. bacilliformis (25)†
I. scapularis 2.0/203 individuals B. schoenbuchensis gltA (26)
I. scapularis 34.5/107 individuals Unidentified Bartonella spp. 16S rRNA (27)
I. scapularis B. henselae 16S rRNA (28)
I. sinensis 16.3/86 individuals Bartonella spp. gltA (15)
I. spp. 42.3/26 pools Bartonella spp. 16S rRNA (17)
I. turdus 11.1/9 pools Bartonella spp.; 1 pool harbored B. doshiae (99.2% homology) 16S rRNA (14)
Rhipicephalus sanguineus 3.2/62 individuals B. henselae ribC (29)
Unidentified tick species Bartonella sp. IGS (30)

*IGS, intergenic spacer; gltA , citrate synthase gene; groEL, heat-shock protein gene; pap31, heme-binding protein gene; ftsZ , cell-division protein gene; ribC, riboflavin synthase gene.
Bartonella spp. ascertained by isolation.

Main Article

Top of Page The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO