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Volume 16, Number 7—July 2010

Research

Zoonotic Transmission of Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1), Egypt, 2006–2009

Amr Kandeel, Serge Manoncourt, Eman Abd el Kareem, Abdel-Nasser Mohamed Ahmed, Samir El-Refaie, Hala Essmat, Jeffrey Tjaden, Cecilia C. de Mattos, Kenneth C. EarhartComments to Author , Anthony A. Marfin, and Nasr El-Sayed
Author affiliations: Ministry of Health, Cairo, Egypt (A. Kandeel, E.A. el Kareem, A.-N. M. Ahmed, S. El-Refaie, H. Essmat, N. El-Sayed); US Naval Medical Research Unit 3, Cairo (S. Manoncourt, H. Essmat, J. Tjaden, C.C. de Mattos, K.C. Earhart, A.A. Marfin); US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (A.A. Marfin)

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Table 2

Signs and symptoms at illness onset for 60 persons with confirmed avian influenza (H5N1), by age group, Egypt, 2006–2009*

Sign or symptom Age group, y, no. (%)
p value
<15, 
n = 34 ≥15, 
n = 26
Fever 34 (100) 24 (92) >0.05
Cough 22 (65) 21 (81) >0.05
Shortness of breath 5 (15) 10 (38) <0.05
Sore throat 17 (50) 10 (38) >0.05
Vomiting 3 (9) 7 (27) >0.05
Diarrhea 2 (6) 4 (15) >0.05
Muscle/joint pain 2 (6) 12 (46) <0.001
Headache 1 (3) 6 (23) <0.05
Alteration of consciousness 1 (3) 1 (4) >0.05

*Data regarding signs and symptoms were available only for 60 of the 63 patients.

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