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Volume 17, Number 12—December 2011

Dispatch

Continuing Threat of Influenza (H5N1) Virus Circulation in Egypt

Ghazi KayaliComments to Author , Rabeh El-Shesheny, Mohamed A. Kutkat, Ahmed M. Kandeil, Ahmed Mostafa, Mariette F. Ducatez, Pamela P. McKenzie, Elena A. Govorkova, Mohamed H. Nasraa, Robert G. Webster, Richard J. Webby, and Mohamed A. Ali
Author affiliations: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA (G. Kayali, M.F. Ducatez, P.P. McKenzie, E.A. Govorkova, R.G. Webster, R.J. Webby); National Research Center, Giza, Egypt (R. El-Shesheny, M.A. Kutkat, A.M. Kandeil, A. Mostafa, M.H. Nasraa, M.A. Ali)

Main Article

Table

Epizootologic data for avian influenza (H5N1) virus, Egypt, August 2009–July 2010*

Variable No. (%) samples
p value†
Collected Positive
Swab type NS
Cloacal 4,353 (78.3) 217 (5.0)
Oropharyngeal 1,209 (21.7) 59 (4.9)
Governorate <0.001
Cairo 979 (17.6) 58 (5.9)
Qalubiya 916 (16.5) 120 (13.1)
Menofiya 1,636 (29.4) 27 (1.7)
Sharkiya 280 (5.0) 21 (7.5)
Fayyoum 1,323 (23.8) 50 (3.8)
Beni Suef 428 (7.7) 0
Species <0.001
Breeder chickens 50 (0.9) 5 (10.0)
Broiler chickens 3,803 (68.4) 163 (4.3)
Layer chickens 710 (12.8) 97 (13.7)
Ducks 819 (14.7) 10 (1.2)
Geese 55 (1.0) 0
Pigeons 51 (0.9) 1 (2.0)
Turkeys 74 (1.3) 0
Location <0.001
Abattoir 330 (5.9) 38 (11.5)
Commercial farm 2,827 (50.8) 192 (6.8)
Backyard flock 1,381 (24.8) 12 (0.9)
Live-bird market 1,024 (18.4) 34 (3.3)
Bird health status <0.001
Healthy 5,255 (94.5) 235 (4.5)
Sick 214 (3.8) 35 (16.4)
Dead 93 (1.7) 6 (6.5)

*NS, not significant.
†Pearson χ2.

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