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Volume 18, Number 12—December 2012

Dispatch

Westward Spread of Echinococcus multilocularis in Foxes, France, 2005–2010

Benoît Combes1, Sébastien Comte, Vincent Raton, Francis Raoul, Franck Boué, Gérald Umhang, Stéphanie Favier, Charlotte Dunoyer, Natacha Woronoff, and Patrick Giraudoux1Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Entente for the Control of Zoonoses, Nancy, France (B. Combes, S. Comte, V. Raton, S. Favier); University of Franche-Comté/National Center for Scientific Research, Besançon, France (F. Raoul, P. Giraudoux); Institut Universitaire de France, Paris (P. Giraudoux); French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Nancy (F. Boué, G. Umhang); National Game Federation, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France (C. Dunoyer); Departmental Veterinary Laboratories Manager Association, Besançon (N. Woronoff)

Main Article

Table 1

Fox prevalence by department, France, 2005–2010

Department no., name Total no. foxes Prevalence, % (95% CI) Density of collected foxes, no./100 km2
01-Ain 98 20 (13–30) 1.7
02-Aisne 89 20 (13–30) 1.22
08-Ardennes 91 36 (27–47) 1.85
10-Aube 99 12 (7–21) 1.68
14-Calvados 96 14 (8–22) 1.73
15-Cantal* 97 9 (5–17) 1.68
18-Cher 74 1 (0–8) 1.55
21-Cote d'Or 72 21 (12–32) 0.85
25-Doubs* 113 53 (44–62) 2.21
27-Eure 93 0 (0–5) 1.66
28-Eure et Loire 42 0 (0–10) 0.97
36-Indre 52 0 (0–9) 1.03
38-Isere 89 1 (0–7) 1.2
39-Jura* 102 52 (42–62) 2.02
41-Loire et Cher 86 2 (0–9) 1.47
42-Loire 97 1 (0–6) 2.06
45-Loiret 100 0 (0–5) 1.53
50-Manche 81 15 (8–25) 1.35
51-Marne 103 19 (13–29) 1.26
52-Haute Marne 94 14 (8–23) 1.51
54-Meurthe et Moselle* 84 54 (42–64) 1.8
55-Meuse* 104 41 (32–51) 1.67
57-Moselle* 103 34 (25–44) 1.65
58-Nievre 110 1 (0–6) 1.74
59-Nord 96 20 (13–29) 1.74
60-Oise 87 7 (3–15) 1.53
61-Orne 55 4 (1–14) 0.93
62-Pas de Calais 90 0 (0–5) 1.34
67-Bas Rhin* 7 29 (5–70) 0.44
69-Rhone 48 8 (3–21) 1.69
70-Haute Saone* 81 36 (26–47) 1.54
71-Saone et Loire 79 9 (4–18) 1.13
73-Savoie 75 11 (5–20) 1.26
74-Haute Savoie* 73 49 (38–61) 1.76
77-Seine et Marne 55 29 (18–43) 1
80-Somme 89 8 (3–16) 1.68
88-Vosges 90 24 (16–35) 1.7
89-Yonne 97 0 (0–5) 1.75
90-Territoire de Belfort* 25 32 (16–54) 4.09
91-Essonne† 41 7 (2–21) 2.37
93-Seine Saint Denis† 6 17 (1–64) 2.53
95-Val d'Oise† 44 0 (0–10) 3.59
Historical endemic area 789 41 (35–41) 1.56
Total 3307 17 (16–19) 1.38

*Department belonging to the historically echinococcosis-endemic area.
†Department of the Paris capital conurbation (Figure 1).

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

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