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Volume 18, Number 2—February 2012

Research

Lack of Decline in Childhood Malaria, Malawi, 2001–2010

Arantxa Roca-FeltrerComments to Author , Collins J. Kwizombe, Miguel A. Sanjoaquin, Sanie S.S. Sesay, Brian Faragher, Jim Harrison, Karen Geukers, Storn Kabuluzi, Don P. Mathanga, Elizabeth Molyneux, Maganizo Chagomera, Terrie Taylor, Malcolm Molyneux, and Robert S. Heyderman
Author affiliations: Malawi–Liverpool–Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Program, Blantyre, Malawi (A. Roca-Feltrer, C.J. Kwizombe, M.A. Sanjoaquin, S.S.S. Sesay, M. Molyneux, R.S Heyderman); Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK (A. Roca-Feltrer, M.A. Sanjoaquin, B. Faragher, R.S Heyderman); Beit CURE International Hospital, Blantyre (J. Harrison); McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (K. Geukers); Ministry of Health, Lilongwe, Malawi (S. Kabuluzi); University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre (D.P. Mathanga, E. Molyneux, M. Chagomera, T. Taylor); Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA (T. Taylor); University of Liverpool, Liverpool (R.S. Heyderman)

Main Article

Table

Annual numbers of malaria-related outpatient visits and admissions of children with cerebral malaria at QECH and children hospitalized for elective surgery at BCIH who had a parasitemia-positive slide, Malawi, 2001–2010*

Year QECH
BCIH
Outpatients
Research ward
Trauma patients
Malaria slides taken Parasitemia-positive slides, no. (%)† Cerebral malaria cases‡ Mean patient age, mo (95% CI) Malaria slides taken Parasitemia-positive slides, no. (%)§
2001 21,432 7,392 (34.5) 131 34.2 (30.0–38.4) NA NA
2002 27,898 9,251 (33.2)¶ 123 42.7 (38.0–47.4) NA NA
2003 30,238 7,217 (23.9)# 106 45.0 (39.1–50.9) 320 49 (15.3)
2004 24,675 6,429 (26.1)# 124 43.8 (37.7–49.9) 448 50 (11.2)
2005 26,853 4,591 (17.1)# NA NA 551 102 (18.5)
2006 20,850 4,062 (19.5)# 86 38.0 (33.0–43.0) 481 80 (16.6)
2007 23,996 5,969 (24.9)# 105 38.3 (32.8–43.9) 651 97 (14.9)
2008 22,907 5,903 (25.8)# 99 51.8 (46.1–57.5)# 755 98 (13.0)
2009 21,126 5,374 (25.4)# 118 47.8 (42.8–52.8)# 406 74 (18.2)
2010 22,978 5,132 (22.3)# 151 48.8 (44.6–53.0)# 420 43 (10.2)¥
Total 242,953 61,320 (25.2) 1,043 43.5 (41.8–45.2) 4,032 593 (14.7)

*QECH, Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital; BCIH, Beit CURE International Hospital; NA, not available.
†Reference year 2001.
‡Five records had missing information on year.
§Reference year 2003.
¶p<0.05.
#p<0.001.

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