Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 18, Number 2—February 2012

Dispatch

Phylogeography of Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica, Europe

Miklós Gyuranecz1, Dawn N. Birdsell1, Wolf Splettstoesser, Erik Seibold, Stephen M. Beckstrom-Sternberg, László Makrai, László Fodor, Massimo Fabbi, Nadia Vicari, Anders Johansson, Joseph D. Busch, Amy J. Vogler, Paul Keim, and David M. WagnerComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary (M. Gyuranecz); Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona, USA (D.N. Birdsell, J.D. Busch, A.J. Vogler, P. Keim, D.M. Wagner); Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Munich, Germany (W. Splettstoesser, E. Seibold); Translational Genomics Research Institute, Phoenix, Arizona, USA (S.M. Beckstrom-Sternberg, P. Keim); Szent István University, Budapest (L. Makrai, L. Fodor); Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombradia e dell’Emilia Romagna, Pavia, Italy (M. Fabbi, N. Vicari); Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden (A. Johansson)

Main Article

Table A1

Isolates in study of the phylogeography of Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica, Europe*

ID no.† Original ID no.‡ Originating laboratory Country of origin Source§ Year Subclade from (5)¶# Subclade from (8)¶ ** Subclade from this study¶
F0586 AF19 BIM Austria Lepus europaeus 1997 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0587 AF9 BIM Austria L. europaeus 1996 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0589 AF6 BIM Austria L. europaeus 1994 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0590 AF5 BIM Austria L. europaeus 1997 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0591 AF3 BIM Austria L. europaeus 1997 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0599 AF22 BIM Austria L. europaeus 1997 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0595 AF54 BIM Austria L. europaeus 1994 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0597 AF36 BIM Austria Human 1997 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0588 AF8 BIM Austria L. europaeus 1995 13/14 20/21 36/37
F0614 DF161 BIM Germany Human 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0616 DF159 BIM Germany L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0620 DF155 BIM Germany Human 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0626 DF163 BIM Germany Human 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0627 DF162 BIM Germany Human 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0634 DF170 BIM Germany L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0639 DF193 BIM Germany L. europaeus 2008 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0640 DF194 BIM Germany L. europaeus 2008 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0641 DF195 BIM Germany L. europaeus 2008 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0642 DF196 BIM Germany L. europaeus 2008 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0643 DF197 BIM Germany L. europaeus 2008 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0601 DF101 BIM Germany Macaca fascicularis 2002 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0603 DF99 BIM Germany M. mulatta 2005 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0611 DF107 BIM Germany M. fascicularis 2005 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0617 DF158 BIM Germany L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0621 DF169 BIM Germany L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0625 DF164 BIM Germany L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0704 T1 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2007 13/14 23/14/25 23/14/25
F0713 T17 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2008 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0714 T19 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2008 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0702 TM1 SZIU Hungary Chlorocebus aethiops 2003 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0703 TM2 SZIU Hungary Erythrocebus patas 2003 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0705 T3 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0706 T4 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0707 T6 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0709 T11 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0710 T12 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0711 T13 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0712 T14 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2008 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0716 T22 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2008 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0715 T21 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2008 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0708 T7 SZIU Hungary L. europaeus 2007 13/14 20/21 TUL07/2007
F0732 42055/2008 IZSLER Italy Natural spring water 2008 FTNF002–00 FTNF002–00 FTNF002–00
F0733 21851/2006 IZSLER Italy L. europaeus 2006 FTNF002–00 FTNF002–00 FTNF002–00
F0734 5768/2001 IZSLER Italy Human 2001 FTNF002–00 FTNF002–00 FTNF002–00
F0731 8660/1995 IZSLER Romania/ Italy L. europaeus 1995 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0433 Fr014 AFSSA Central Europe†† L. europaeus UNK 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0459 Fr040 AFSSA Central Europe L. europaeus UNK 13/14 20/21 37/38
F0188 FSC 181 SDRA Czech Republic Dermacentor reticulatus 1995 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0190 FSC 183 SDRA Czech Republic D. reticulatus 1995 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0191 FSC 184 SDRA Czech Republic D. reticulatus 1995 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0193 FSC 186 SDRA Czech Republic D. reticulatus 1995 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0194 FSC 187 SDRA Czech Republic Ixodes ricinus 1995 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0187 FSC 180 SDRA Czech Republic D. reticulatus 1995 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0189 FSC 182 SDRA Czech Republic D. reticulatus 1995 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0192 FSC 185 SDRA Czech Republic D. reticulatus 1995 13/14 20/21 34/35
F0035 FSC 080 SDRA Finland L. europaeus 1984 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0163 FSC 249 SDRA Finland Human 1995 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0025 FSC 121 SDRA Russia Water 1985 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0026 FSC 123 SDRA Russia Water 1983 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0030 FSC 151 SDRA Russia Water 1988 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0034 FSC 077 SDRA Sweden L. europaeus 1981 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0040 FSC 188 SDRA Sweden Human 1996 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0093 FSC 102 SDRA Sweden Human 1981 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0227 FSC 273 SDRA Sweden Human 2000 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0302 FSC 175 SDRA Sweden Human 1995 13/14 20/21 20/21/33
F0036 FSC 081 SDRA Sweden L. europaeus 1985 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0226 FSC 272 SDRA Sweden Human 2000 13/14 20/21 33/34
F0209 FSC 248 SDRA Sweden Human 2000 13/14 20/21 35/36

*ID, identification; BIM, Institut für Mikrobiologie der Bundeswehr; SZIU, Szent István University; IZSLER, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell’Emilia Romagna; AFSSA, Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments and Laboratoire d'Etudes et de Recherches en Pathologie Animale et Zoonoses; UNK, unknown; SDRA, Swedish Defense Research Agency.
†Isolate ID in the Northern Arizona University DNA collection.
‡Isolate ID from the originating laboratory.
§Lepus europaeus, European brown hare; Macaca fascicularis, long-tailed macaque; M. mulatta, rhesus monkey; Chlorocebus aethiops, vervet monkey; Erythrocebus patas, patas monkey; Ixodes ricinus, castor bean tick (sheep tick); Dermacentor reticulatus, marsh tick.
¶In the interest of space, subclade names have been truncated to remove the preceding B.Br. nomenclature because all of these subclades belong in the B clade of F. tularensis.
#Canonical single nucleotide polymorphism (canSNP) subclade originally defined in (5) and modified as described in the text.
**CanSNP subclade defined in (8). These names have been modified to conform to the nomenclature standard originally established by (5) and modified as described in the text.
††Country unknown.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this article.

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO