Factors Related to Increasing Prevalence of Resistance to Ciprofloxacin and Other Antimicrobial Drugs in Neisseria gonorrhoeae, United States
Edward Goldstein , Robert D. Kirkcaldy, David Reshef, Stuart Berman, Hillard Weinstock, Pardis Sabeti, Carlos Del Rio, Geraldine Hall, Edward W. Hook, and Marc Lipsitch
Author affiliations: Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA (E. Goldstein, M. Lipsitch); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (R.D. Kirkcaldy, S. Berman, H. Weinstock); Oxford University, Oxford, UK (D. Reshef); Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA (P. Sabeti); Emory University, Atlanta (C. Del Rio); Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA (G. Hall); University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA (E.W. Hook); and Jefferson County Department of Health, Birmingham (E.W. Hook)
Figure 4. . . . . First month of appearance of ciprofloxacin resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae isolates from heterosexual men and from men who have sex with men (MSM). ALB, Albuquerque, NM; ATL, Atlanta, GA; BAL, Baltimore, MD; BHM, Birmingham, AL; CHI, Chicago, IL; CLE, Cleveland, OH; LBC, Long Beach, CA; MIA, Miami, FL; MIN, Minneapolis, MN; PHI, Philadelphia, PA; PHX, Phoenix, AZ; POR, Portland, OR.
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