Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 19, Number 1—January 2013

CME ACTIVITY

Staphylococcal Infections in Children, California, USA, 1985–2009

Kathleen GutierrezComments to Author , Meira S. Halpern, Clea Sarnquist, Shila Soni1, Anna Chen Arroyo, and Yvonne Maldonado
Author affiliations: Author affiliations: Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA

Main Article

Table 4

Medical conditions associated with community-onset staphylococcal infections in non-neonate children, California, 1996–2009*

Medical condition Type of infection†
All, N = 31,893 MRSA, n = 12,667 MSSA, n = 13,605 Other, n = 3,073
Skin/soft tissue infection

Records with diagnosis, %

71 91 66 36

Cellulitis, %

84 90 80 63

Deaths, no.

1 0 1 0

Mean (SE) LOS, d

4.5 (<0.1) 4.3 (<0.1) 4.6 (<0.1) 5.5 (0.2)

Median (IQR) LOS, d


3 (2–5)
3 (2–5)
3 (2–5)
4 (2–6)
Sepsis, shock, or bacteremia

Records with diagnosis, %

12 4 12 29

Deaths, no.

15 1 6 1

Mean (SE) LOS, d

8.0 (0.2) 10.9 (0.4) 8.3 (0.2) 6.6 (0.3)

Median (IQR) LOS, d


6 (4–9)
8 (5–13)
6 (4–10)
5 (3–7)
Respiratory infection

Records with diagnosis, %

19 13 18 30

Deaths, no.

31 2 19 1

Mean (SE) LOS, d

7.1 (0.1) 6.9 (0.2) 7.3 (0.2) 6.6 (0.3)

Median (IQR) LOS, d


5 (3–8)
4 (3–7)
5 (3–8)
4 (3–7)
Musculoskeletal infections

Records with diagnosis, %

12 6 20 6

Deaths, no.

0 0 0 0

Mean (SE) LOS, d

9.0 (0.1) 11.0 (0.4) 8.4 (0.1) 9.4 (0.7)

Median (IQR) LOS, d

7 (4–10) 7 (5–13) 6 (4–9) 6 (4–10)

*MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; MSSA, methicillin-sensitive S. aureus; LOS, length of stay in hospital; IQR, interquartile range
†A particular staphylococcal type could not be determined for 11% of the records; thus, added together, numbers in the MRSA, MSSA, and Other staphylococci groups do not equal the number in All types of staphylococcal infection group. Diagnostic groups are not mutually exclusive; therefore, percentages in columns total >100.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: Foodia, San Francisco, California, USA.

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO