Antigenic and Molecular Characterization of Avian Influenza A(H9N2) Viruses, Bangladesh
Karthik Shanmuganatham, Mohammed M. Feeroz, Lisa Jones-Engel, Gavin J.D. Smith, Mathieu Fourment, David Walker, Laura McClenaghan, S.M. Rabiul Alam, M. Kamrul Hasan, Patrick Seiler, John Franks, Angie Danner, Subrata Barman, Pamela McKenzie, Scott Krauss, Richard J. Webby, and Robert G. Webster
Author affiliations: St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, USA (K. Shanmuganatham, D. Walker, L. McClenaghan, P. Seiler, J. Franks, A. Danner, S. Barman, P. McKenzie, S. Krauss, R.J. Webby, R.G. Webster); Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh (M.M. Feeroz, S.M.R. Alam, M.K. Hasan); University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA (L. Jones-Engel); Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore (G.J.D. Smith, M. Fourment); Duke Global Health Institute, Durham, North Carolina, USA (G.J.D. Smith)
Figure 3. . Phylogenetic relationships of nonstructural protein genes of avian influenza (H9N2) viruses (boldface) isolated in Bangladesh. Full-length DNA sequencing, starting from the first codon, was used. The phylogenetic trees were generated by PhyML (30) within the maximum-likelihood framework. Numbers above the branches indicate bootstrap values; only values >60 are shown. Boldface italics indicate prototype subtype H9N2 viruses from the Ck/Bei and G1 clades. Scale bar indicates distance between sequence pairs.
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