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Volume 2, Number 4—October 1996


Assessing the Costs and Benefits of an Oral Vaccine for Raccoon Rabies: A Possible Model

Martin I. Meltzer
Author affiliation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Table 1

Illustrative data used to examine the costs and benefits of using an oral vaccine to control raccoon rabies

Item Baseline case Values used for sensitivity analyses
Discount rate 3% 0%, 5%
Timeline 30 years -
Oral vaccine density 250 units/sq. mi 100-300 units/sq. mi
Raccoon density 50/sq. mi threshold analysis
Baits required/raccoon 5 threshold analysis
Cost of oral vaccine bait $1.50/unit threshold analysis
Cost of distribution $100/sq. mi $260a
Benefits: Cost savings
During epizootic yearsb $1.52/person/yr $2.61/person/yearb
During post-epizootic yearsb $0.30/person/yr -
Density human population 103/sq. mi -
Distribution costs:cost savings
Ratio of max. $/sq. mi 1:1.57 1:1.03
Sensitivity analysis
Cost of pet vaccination - $16/pet
Extra vaccinations: epizootic - 11/sq. mi
Extra vaccinations: post-epizootic - 2.75/sq. mi

a) Source: New Jersey data (1).
b) On the basis of the New Jersey data (1), four categories of costs contribute to the cost-savings: animal control, laboratory diagnoses, educational activities, and human pre- and post-exposure treatments.

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