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Volume 7, Number 1—February 2001

Research

Active Bacterial Core Surveillance of the Emerging Infections Program Network

Anne Schuchat*Comments to Author , Tami Hilger*, Elizabeth Zell*, Monica M. Farley†, Arthur Reingold‡, Lee Harrison§, Lewis Lefkowitz¶, Richard Danila**, Karen Stefonek††, Nancy Barrett‡‡, Dale Morse§§, Robert Pinner*, and for the Active Bacterial Core Surveillance Team of the Emerging Infections Program Network
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Georgia Emerging Infection Program (Georgia Department of Human Resources, Division of Public Health, Emory University School of Medicine, and the Atlanta Veterans Administration Medical Center) Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ‡California Department of Health Services and UC Berkeley School of Public Health, Berkeley, California, USA; §Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene and Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA; ¶Tennessee Department of Health and Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA; **Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA; ††Oregon Department of Human Resources, Portland, Oregon, USA; ‡‡Connecticut Department of Public Health, Hartford, Connecticut, USA; §§New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, USA

Main Article

Table 3

Population-based risk factors for invasive disease, identified by Active Bacterial Core surveillance

Factors associated with increased risk by
Pathogen Age group, other criteria multivariate analysis References
Streptococcus pneumoniae <5 years old Child-care attendance, underlying conditions, lack of breast-feeding, household crowding (29)
18-64 years old, not immunocompromised Active or passive smoke exposure, black race, chronic diseases, household contact with child in day care (30)
Neisseria meningitidis All ages Active or passive smoke exposure, underlying conditions, steroid use, attendance at new school (31)
Group B Streptococcus <7 days old Black race, low birth weight, maternal age <20 years CDC, 
unpub. data

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