Volume 19, Number 6—June 2013
Progress in Global Surveillance and Response Capacity 10 Years After Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Dr. Mike Miller reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases synopsis, Progress in Global Surveillance and Response Capacity 10 Years after Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. Created: 4/10/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 4/11/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Volume 19, Number 5—May 2013
Zombies—A Pop Culture Resource for Public Health Awareness
Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases Another Dimension, Zombies—A Pop Culture Resource for Public Health Awareness. Created: 4/24/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 4/24/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Volume 19, Number 4—April 2013
Dr. Adam Possner, an assistant professor of general internal medicine at George Washington University, reads and discusses his poem, "Myth Dispelled.". Created: 3/20/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 3/21/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Volume 19, Number 3—March 2013
Knowing Which Foods Make Us Sick Will Help Guide Food Safety Regulations
Dr. John Painter, an epidemiologist with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, discusses his study about which foods can make us sick. Created: 2/19/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 2/21/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Volume 19, Number 2—February 2013
Lessons from the History of Quarantine, from Plague to Influenza A
Reginald Tucker reads an abridged version of the Emerging Infectious Diseases’ Historical Review, Lessons from the History of Quarantine, from Plague to Influenza A. Created: 5/8/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 5/15/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Volume 19, Number 1—January 2013
Volume 18, Number 12—December 2012
People Can Catch Diseases from Their Pets
Dr. Carol Rubin, Associate Director for Zoonoses and One Health at CDC, discusses zoonotic diseases in pets. Created: 1/23/2013. Date Released: 1/28/2013.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 431 KB]
New Flu Virus in Pigs Exhibited at Fairs in Ohio
Dr. Andrew Bowman, a graduate research assistant in the Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine at The Ohio State University, discusses his study about flu virus in pigs at agricultural fairs. Created: 5/21/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 5/23/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Outbreak of a New Strain of Flu at a Fair
Dr. Karen Wong, an EIS officer with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, discusses her study about flu outbreaks at agricultural fairs. Created: 2/28/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 3/4/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Salmonella Caused by Reptiles and Amphibians in Childcare Centers
Dr. Neil Vora, an EIS Officer at CDC, discusses his article about Salmonella infections in childcare centers caused by reptiles and amphibians. Created: 2/7/2013 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 2/7/2013. Series Name: Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Volume 18, Number 11—November 2012
Death from Fungus in the Soil
Dr. Shira Shafir, Assistant Professor of Epidemiology at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, discusses her study about fungus found in soil. Created: 12/17/2012
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 1.89 MB]
Outbreak of Streptococcus pneumoniae in a Psychiatric Unit
Dr. Katherine Fleming-Dutra, an epidemiologist at CDC, discusses her investigation of a Streptococcus pneumoniae outbreak in a pediatric psychiatric unit. Date Released: 11/5/2012.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 419KB]
Volume 18, Number 10—October 2012
Sinusitis from Nontuberculous Mycobacteria in Tap Water
Dr. Wellington S. Tichenor. Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine at New York Medical College and in private practice in Manhattan, New York, discusses his investigation of sinusitis from nontuberculous mycobacteria in tap water. Created: 12/21/2012. Date Released: 12/31/2012.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 1.87MB]
Wild Birds and the Urban Ecology of Ticks
Dr. Sarah Hamer, Assistant Professor and Veterinary Ecologist with the College of Veterinary Medicine at Texas A&M University, discusses her investigation of ticks on wild birds in urban Chicago. Created: 12/21/2012. Date Released: 12/27/2012.
Foodborne Norovirus Outbreaks
Dr. Aron Hall, a CDC epidemiologist specializing in noroviruses, discusses foodborne norovirus outbreaks.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 416KB]
Volume 18, Number 9—September 2012
Hepatitis E and Maternal Deaths
Dr. Alain Labrique, assistant professor in the Department of International Health and Department of Epidemiology at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, gives us his perspective on hepatitis E and maternal deaths. Date Released: 11/7/2012.
A Case of Ebola Virus
Dr. Adam MacNeil, an epidemiologist at CDC, discusses Ebola virus.
Volume 18, Number 8—August 2012
Volume 18, Number 7—July 2012
Public Health Events and International Health Regulations
Dr. Katrin Kohl, a medical officer at the CDC, discusses the World Health Organization’s International Health Regulations for assessing and reporting on public health events across the world.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 427KB]
Volume 18, Number 6—June 2012
Trends in Invasive Infection with MRSA
Dr. James Hadler, Associate Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at the Yale School of Public Health, discusses recent trends in MRSA.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 418KB]
Volume 18, Number 5—May 2012
Sapovirus Outbreaks in Long-Term Care Facilities
Lore Elizabeth Lee, a clinical epidemiologist at the Oregon Public Health Division, discusses sapovirus outbreaks, testing, and treatment.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 407 KB]
Volume 18, Number 4—April 2012
Flu-related Hospitalizations by Industry
Dr. Sara Luckhaupt, a CDC medical officer, discusses which industries are most impacted by the flu.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 418KB]
Dengue Fever in the United States
Dr. Amesh Adalja, an associate at the Center for Biosecurity and clinical assistant professor at the University of Pittsburgh School, of Medicine, discusses dengue fever outbreaks in the United States.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 409KB]
Leaving the Hospital
Dr. Anya Silver reads her poem about leaving the hospital.
Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal Cover Art
Polyxeni Potter discusses the art used on the covers of the Emerging Infectious Diseases journal.
Volume 18, Number 3—March 2012
Raw or Nonpasteurized Products Can Make You Sick
Dr. Adam Langer, CDC epidemiologist, discusses the dangers of consuming raw or nonpasteurized dairy products.
Taenia solium among Refugees in the United States
Dr. Seth O’Neal, a medical epidemiologist at Oregon Health & Science University, in Portland Oregon, discusses Taenia solium among Refugees.
Deaths from Adenovirus in the US Military
Dr. Joel Gaydos, science advisor for the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, and Dr. Robert Potter, a research associate for the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System, discuss deaths from adenovirus in the US military.
Volume 18, Number 2—February 2012
Dr. Aaron Storms, an Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS) officer at CDC, discusses his paper about oseltamivir-resistant H1N1flu.
Pneumococcal Pneumonia and Pandemic H1N1
Dr. George Nelson, a CDC medical officer, discusses the relationship between pneumococcal pneumonia and Pandemic H1N1.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 410KB]
Volume 18, Number 1—January 2012
Rabies in Captive Deer
Dr. Brett Petersen, a medical officer at CDC, discusses rabies in captive deer.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 405 KB]
Dr. Agam Rao, a CDC medical officer, discusses botulism. Created: 5/16/2012 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).
Invasive Meningococcal Men Y Disease
Dr. Leonard Mayer, a public health microbiologist at CDC, discusses invasive meningococcal disease.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 412KB]
Volume 17, Number 12—December 2011
Sealpox Virus in Marine Mammal Rehabilitation Facility
Benjamin Monroe, a CDC health scientist, discusses the sealpox virus and its impact on marine rehabilitation facilities.
The Life and Death of Anaplasma
Dr. Setu Vora, medical director of critical care and physician director of performance improvement at Backus Hospital in Norwich, Connecticut, reads his poem The Life and Death of Anaplasma and discusses the poem’s origins.
Washington (Wash) C. Winn: In Memoriam
Dr. Mike Miller and Dr. David Walker dicuss the career and life of noted clinical biologist, Dr. Washington C. Winn Jr.
Volume 17, Number 11—November 2011
Cholera in the United States
Anna Newton, Surveillance Epidemiologist at CDC, discusses cholera that was brought to the United States during an outbreak in Haiti and the Dominican Republic (Hispaniola).
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 407KB]
Flu Resistance to Antiviral Drug in North Carolina
Dr. Katrina Sleeman, Associate Service Fellow at CDC, discusses resistance to an antiviral flu drug in North Carolina.
In Memoriam: David Judson Sencer, A Public Health Giant
Dr. Jeffery Koplan, Director of the Emory Global Health Institute at Emory University, reflects on the career of Dr. David Sencer.
Volume 17, Number 10—October 2011
Clostridium difficile Infection in Outpatients
Dr. Jon Mark Hirshon, Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, discusses Clostridium difficile infection in outpatients.
Related Presentation [PowerPoint - 1.9MB]
Investigating Shigella sonnei Infections
Dr. Nancy Strockbine, Chief of the Escherichia and Shigella Reference Unit at CDC, discusses Shigella sonnei infections.
Volume 17, Number 9—September 2011
Volume 17, Number 8—August 2011
Spread of Measles Virus in Europe
Dr. Paul Rota, team lead for the Measles Laboratory, Division of Viral Diseases, at CDC, talks about a measles virus survey in Europe, 2008–2011.
Dr. Steve Monroe, director of CDC's Division of High-Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, discusses diarrheal illness, its causes, and prevention.
Volume 17, Number 7—July 2011
A Melioidosis Case in Arizona
David Blaney, Medical Officer, Bacterial Special Pathogens Branch, discusses an unusual melioidosis case in Arizona.
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
Dr. Adam MacNeil, epidemiologist with Viral Special Pathogens Branch at CDC, discusses hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.
Deadly Parasite in Raccoon Eggs
Dr. Shira Shafir, Assistant Professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the UCLA School of Public Health, discusses a study about roundworms in raccoons and their effect on the environment.
More Trouble from Ticks
Dr. Chris Paddock, a rickettsiologist and infectious disease pathologist discusses a tick-transmitted bacterium, Rickettsia parkeri.
Volume 17, Number 6—June 2011
Invasive Group A Streptococcal Infection
In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Chris Van Beneden discusses the dangers of group A strep infections.
Antiviral Prophylaxis and H1N1
Dr. Richard Pebody, a consultant epidemiologist at the Health Protection Agency in London, UK, discusses the use of antiviral post-exposure prophylaxis and pandemic H1N1.
Reflections on 30 Years of AIDS—Part 2
Dr. Jams Curran, Dean of the Rollins School of Public Health and Co-Director of Emory's Center for AIDS Research, and Dr. Harold Jaffe, CDC's Associate Director for Science, reflect on 30 years of the AIDS epidemic.
Reflections on 30 Years of AIDS—Part 1
Dr. Kevin DeCock, director of The Center for Global Health at CDC, reflects on 30 years of the AIDS epidemic.
Volume 17, Number 5—May 2011
Probable Unusual Transmission of Zika Virus
This podcast discusses a study about the probable unusual transmission of Zika Virus Infection from a scientist to his wife, published in the May 2011 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. Dr. Brian Foy, Associate Professor at Colorado State University, shares details of this event.
This podcast discusses emerging vector-borne pathogens, their role as prominent contributors to emerging infectious diseases, how they're spread, and the ineffectiveness of mosquito control methods.
Babesiosis in Lower Hudson Valley, New York
This podcast discusses a study about an increase in babesiosis in the Lower Hudson Valley of New York state. Dr. Julie Joseph, Assistant Professor of Medicine at New York Medical College, shares details of this study.
Crab Hole Mosquito Blues — The Song
This podcast is a song about a major epizoodemic of a serious human and equine disease written and performed by the MARU Health Angels Band. Band members: K.M. Johnson, T.E. Walton (Retired); D.F. Antczak (Cornell University); W.H. Dietz (CDC); and D.H. Martin (Louisiana State University Health Science Center).
Crab Hole Mosquito Blues—The Story
This podcast reports on a humorous song that takes a look at a very serious human and equine disease. Written and performed by the MARU Health Angels Band, Bill Dietz, director of the Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity and Obesity at CDC, talks about the song,"Crab Hole Mosquito Blues", and the history behind it.
Volume 17, Number 4—April 2011
Human Infection in Wild Mountain Gorillas
This podcast discusses a study about the transmission of Human Metapneumovirus Infection to wild mountain gorillas in Rwanda in 2009, published in the April 2011 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. Dr. Ian Lipkin, Director of the Center for Infection and Immunity and Dr. Gustavo Palacios, investigator in the Center of Infection & Immunity share details of this study.
Vaccinia Virus Infections in a Martial Arts Gym
This podcast discusses an outbreak of vaccinia virus in Maryland in 2008. Christine Hughes, a health scientist with the Poxvirus and Rabies Branch at CDC, and co-author of a paper in the April 2011 issue of CDC's journal, discusses vaccinia virus infections in a martial arts gym.
In Memoriam: Dr. Frank John Fenner
This podcast reflects on one of the greatest pioneers in virology, Dr. Frank John Fenner. Dr. Frederick Murphy, a member of EID's editorial board and the Institute of Medicine, and professor of Pathology at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, shares professional and personal stories of Dr. Frank Fenner.
Volume 17, Number 3—March 2011
Tuberculosis Outbreak Investigations in the U.S.
In this podcast, Dr Kiren Mitruka, medical officer with CDC's Tuberculosis Outbreak Investigations team, discusses tuberculosis outbreak investigations in the U.S. from 2002-2008.
Elephant-to-Human Transmission of Tuberculosis
This podcast reports on the transmission of TB from elephants to humans. Dr. Rendi Murphree, Epidemic Intelligence Service Officer at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Vanderbilt University Visiting Scholar, discusses the recent elephant-to-human transmission of tuberculosis at an elephant refuge in Tennessee.
Bridging Implementation, Knowledge, and Ambition Gaps to Eliminate Tuberculosis
In this podcast, Dr. Kenneth Castro, director of CDC's Division of Tuberculosis Eliminatio,discusses bridging implementation, knowledge, and ambition gaps to eliminate tuberculosis.
Volume 17, Number 2—February 2011
Volume 16, Number 12—December 2010
Alkhurma Hemorrhagic Fever in Saudi Arabia
This podcast looks at the epidemiologic characteristics of Alkhurma Hemorrhagic Fever in humans in Najran City, Saudi Arabia. CDC epidemiologist Dr. Adam MacNeil discusses the severity and risk factors for the illness.
Reassortment Group A Rotavirus from Straw-colored Fruit Bat (Eidolon helvum)
In this podcast, Dr. Mathew Esona of the Division of Viral Diseases at CDC describes the discovery of a unique Group A rotavirus isolated from fruit bats in Kenya.
Volume 16, Number 11—November 2010
Volume 16, Number 10—October 2010
Bloodstream Infections with Mycobacterium tuberculosis among HIV patients
This podcast looks at bloodstream infections with Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other pathogens among outpatients infected with HIV in Southeast Asia. CDC health scientist Kimberly McCarthy discusses the study and why bloodstream infections occur in HIV-infected populations.
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Increased Risk for Malaria Infection
This podcast describes research done in Ghana examining a correlation between type 2 diabetes and a possible increased risk for malaria infection in adults. Dr. Manoj Menon, a medical officer in the Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria in the Center for Global Health, discusses questions the study raises.
Volume 16, Number 9—September 2010
Volume 16, Number 8—August 2010
Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Surveillance in Marginalized Populations, Tijuana, Mexico, and West Nile Virus Knowledge among Hispanics, San Diego, California,
This podcast describes public health surveillance and communication in hard to reach populations in Tijuana, Mexico, and San Diego County, California. Dr. Marian McDonald, Associate Director of CDC's Health Disparities in the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, discusses the importance of being flexible in determining the most effective media for health communications.
Volume 16, Number 7—July 2010
Vaccine-associated Paralytic Poliomyelitis in Immunodeficient Children, Iran, 1995–2008
This podcast describes paralytic poliomyelitis infections acquired by immune-deficient Iranian children following their exposure to live-virus polio vaccine. Olen Kew, Associate Director for Global Laboratory Science at CDC, discusses implications of the use of live-virus vaccines in global polio eradication efforts.
Outbreaks of Rickettsia felis in Kenya and Senegal, 2010
This podcast describes the outbreak of Rickettsia felis in Kenya between August 2006 and June 2008, and in rural Senegal from November 2008 through July 2009. CDC infectious disease pathologist Dr. Chris Paddock discusses what researchers learned about this flea-borne disease and how to prevent infection.
Volume 16, Number 6—June 2010
Re-Emergence of Rift Valley Fever in Madagascar
This podcast describes the re-emergence of Rift Valley Fever in Madagascar during two rainy seasons in 2008 and 2009. CDC epidemiologist Dr. Pierre Rollin discusses what researchers learned about the outbreak and about infections in the larger population in Madagascar.
Pulsed-field Gel Electrophoresis for Salmonella Infection Surveillance, Texas, USA, 2007
This podcast describes monitoring of the use of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis for Salmonella surveillance in Houston, Texas. CDC microbiologist Peter Gerner-Smidt discusses the importance of the PulseNet national database in surveillance of food-borne infections.
Volume 16, Number 5—May 2010
Volume 16, Number 4—April 2010
Spread of H1N1 within Households
This podcast describes an investigation into how H1N1 was spreading within households during the initial days of the pandemic in Texas. CDC's Dr. Oliver Morgan discusses what investigators learned about the role that children played in introducing the virus into households and spreading flu.
Volume 16, Number 3—March 2010
Invasive Haemophilus influenzae Disease, Europe, 1996–2006
This podcast describes monitoring of Haemophilus influenzae disease in Europe from 1996 through 2006. CDC epidemiologist Stacey Martin discusses what researchers learned about the effect of vaccination on disease prevalence.
Terrestrial Rabies and Human Postexposure Prophylaxis, New York, USA
This podcast describes a 10-year study of the use of postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) for rabies in New York State. CDC's Dr. Brett Petersen discusses the prevalence of rabies in the United States and how the study lends support to recent changes in the recommended PEP protocol.
Volume 16, Number 2—February 2010
Emergence of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis at a South African Mine
This podcast describes the emergence of increasingly drug resistant tuberculosis at a mine in South Africa. CDC's Dr. Dixie Snider discusses the outbreak and some of the reasons it may have occurred, despite the existence of a well-functioning TB control program at the mine.
Volume 15, Number 12—December 2009
Underreporting of 2009 H1N1 Influenza Cases
Influenza cases are difficult to track because many people don't go to the doctor or get tested for flu when they're sick. The first months of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic were no different. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Carrie Reed discusses a study in the December issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases that looked at the actual number of cases reported and estimated the true number of cases when correcting for underreporting.
Volume 15, Number 9—September 2009
Identification of the First Chinese Cases of H1N1 Flu
In this podcast, Dr. Scott Dowell discusses the first cases of the new H1N1 influenza virus in China in May 2009, which occurred in three students who had been studying in North America during the early days of the pandemic and returned home to visit their friends and family. Chinese health officials acted swiftly to investigate and determine whether the students had spread their illness to others. The article, which appears in the September 2009 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases, details what they found.
Volume 15, Number 7—July 2009
Investigation of Sylvatic Typhus at a Wilderness Camp
In this podcast, Dr. Greg Dasch discusses an outbreak of four cases of sylvatic typhus that occurred at a wilderness camp in Pennsylvania. Sylvatic typhus is very rare in the United States, with only 41 cases since it was discovered in the United States in 1975. Lab work at CDC and the discovery that all four camp counselors who became ill had slept in the same bunk at the camp between 2004 and 2006 ultimately led to confirmation that flying squirrels living in the wall of the cabin were to blame for the illnesses.
Volume 15, Number 6—June 2009
Bartonella quintana in Homeless Persons
In this podcast, Dr. Marina Eremeeva discusses an article about Bartonella quintana in homeless populations in San Francisco. Bartonella quintana is a bacterium that is transmitted by human body lice. Findings by the article’s authors suggest that Bartonella quintana may be transmitted by head lice. This could mean that populations other than homeless populations, such as school children, might be at increased risk for Bartonella quintana.
Volume 15, Number 5—May 2009
Avian Influenza A (H5N1)
In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Tim Uyeki discusses H5N1, a subtype of influenza A virus. This highly pathogenic H5N1 virus doesn't usually infect people, although some rare infections with H5N1 viruses have occurred in humans. We need to use a comprehensive strategy to prevent the spread of H5N1 virus among birds, including having human health and animal health work closely together.
Clostridium difficile in Retail Meats
Clostridium difficile is a common cause of diarrhea in healthcare settings but little is known about what causes cases in the community. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. L. Clifford McDonald discusses two papers in the May 2009 edition of Emerging Infectious Diseases that explore whether the organism could be found in meat samples purchased in grocery stores in Arizona and Canada.
Volume 15, Number 4—April 2009
Health Concerns in the Amazon Region
Residents of the Amazon region of South America contend with a number of health threats - from mosquito-borne diseases to difficulty accessing doctors and healthcare facilities in such a vast area. This podcast helps explore some of the health issues in the region and what's being done to address them.
Exotic Small Mammals and Bartonella
In this podcast, Dr. Nina Marano discusses Bartonella, a bacterial agent that's prevalent in many species, including cats, dogs, and cattle. Wild animals are normally thought to carry Bartonella, so when animals are caught in the wild for pet trade, the risk that humans can become infected with Bartonella increases. Bartonella is an identified risk associated with ownership of exotic animals and has serious health consequences.
Volume 15, Number 3—March 2009
Strategies for Fighting Pandemic Flu in Developing Countries
Countries throughout the world are preparing for the next influenza pandemic. Developing countries face special challenges because they don't have antiviral drugs or vaccines that more developed countries have. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Dan Jernigan discusses new and innovative approaches that may help developing countries fight pandemic flu when it emerges.
Influenza Pandemic Infrastructure Response in Thailand
Influenza viruses change antigenic properties, or drift, every year and they create seasonal outbreaks. Occasionally, influenza viruses change in a major way, called a 'shift.' If an influenza virus shifts, the entire human population is susceptible to the new influenza virus, creating the potential for a pandemic. On this podcast, CDC's Dr. Scott Dowell discusses responding to an influenza pandemic.
Volume 15, Number 2—February 2009
Volume 15, Number 1—January 2009
Use of Protective Gear in Bird Flu Outbreak Response
CDC's Dr. Oliver Morgan discusses how the use of masks and other protective gear impacted whether workers dealing with an outbreak of bird flu in England became sick. The paper is published in the January 2009 issue of CDC's journal, Emerging Infectious Diseases.
CDC's Dr. Jon Gentsch discusses rotaviruses, the most important cause of severe gastroenteritis in children less than five years of age. Essentially, all children around the world get the disease during the first few years of life.
Volume 14, Number 12—December 2008
In this podcast, Dr. King discusses zoonoses and how foxes, raccoons, and bats play an important role in the ecology of infectious diseases, such as rabies.
Rabies Elimination in Dogs in the United States
Rabies has been eliminated from dogs in the United States through efforts to promote annual vaccination, but it's still a problem in wildlife in the U.S. and in wild and domesticated animals abroad. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Charles Rupprecht discusses a study which provides proof of the elimination of rabies in dogs and what this means for the average American.
Volume 14, Number 11—November 2008
Volume 14, Number 10—October 2008
Cryptosporidium Infections Among Children in Peru
Cryptosporidium is a waterborne bacteria that can cause severe diarrhea and vomiting. In this podcast, Dr. Vita Cama, CDC microbiologist, discusses an article in the October 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. The paper examines Cryptosporidium infections among children in Peru, including the number of infections, symptoms experienced, and what species of Crypto were responsible.
Prophylaxis after Exposure to Coxiella burnetii
In this podcast, Dr. David Swerdlow discusses prophylaxis after exposure to Coxiella burnetii. It is important to know who should be treated and how they should be treated after an intentional release with possible bioterrorism agents, including Coxiella burnetii.
Volume 14, Number 9—September 2008
Reporting of Outbreaks of Foodborne Illness under the International Health Regulations
During the past 20 years, the global food trade has increased and, with it, the potential for the spread of foodborne illnesses caused by imported foods. The World Health Organization in 2007 implemented new International Health Regulations which help guide reporting of foodborne outbreaks. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Scott McNabb discusses a study in the September 2008 issue of the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases which analyzed foodborne outbreaks in Australia in the early part of this decade and assessed how many would have been reported under the current health regulations.
Volume 14, Number 8—August 2008
Human Noroviruses and Sporadic Gastroenteritis
In this podcast, Dan Rutz speaks with Dr. Manish Patel, a medical officer with the Division of Viral Diseases at CDC, about an article in August 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases reporting on nororviruses. Dr. Patel reviewed 235 studies and identified 31 original studies about noroviruses. Norovirus is the leading cause of epidemic gastroenteritis.
Community-Associated MRSA in Uruguay
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is an antibiotic-resistant bacterium that is typically associated with infections in healthcare settings. In the past couple of decades, MRSA has emerged in the community, most often causing skin infections in healthy people who haven't recently been hospitalized. After an increase in community cases in Uruguay in 2004, health officials investigated to learn more about what was happening and found some interesting trends. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Stephen Benoit discusses what they learned, the results of which are published in the August 2008 issue of CDC's journal, Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Volume 14, Number 7—July 2008
Clostridium difficile in Humans and Food Animals
Clostridium difficile is an antibiotic-resistant bacterium that causes diarrhea and sometimes serious intestinal illnesses. In recent years, C. difficile infections have been increasing in number and severity, including among some people outside healthcare settings. In this podcast, CDC's Dr. Michael Jhung discusses his recent study that looked at a new, increasingly prevalent strain of C. difficile in people and compared it to a strain historically found in animals to see whether the two might be linked. The study is published in the July 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases.
Volume 14, Number 6—June 2008
Cryptosporidium and Giardia intestinalis in Swimming Pools, Atlanta, Georgia
In this podcast, Dan Rutz speaks with Dr. Joan Shields, a guest researcher with the Healthy Swimming Program at CDC, about an article in June 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases reporting on the results of a test of swimming pools in the greater Atlanta, Georgia area. Dr. Shields tested 160 pools in metro Atlanta last year for Cryptosporidium and Giardia. These germs cause most recreational water associated outbreaks.
In Memoriam: Joshua Lederberg
In this podcast, Dr. Peter Drotman, Editor-In-Chief of the Emerging Infectious Disease journal speaks with Dr. Jim Hughes, about an article in the June 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases. They discuss Dr. Joshua Lederberg, globally recognized scientist, educator, national and Presidential scientific advisor, and Nobel Laureate who recently died at the age of 82. Dr Lederberg's early work in bacterial genetics virtually established the discipline of molecular biology, earning him a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1958 when he was only 33 years old.
Volume 14, Number 5—May 2008
Slowing the Next Pandemic: Survey of Community Mitigation Strategies
During the next influenza pandemic, it will take time to develop a vaccine and there may be limited medication to treat or prevent illness. To slow the spread of disease, CDC and other public health officials will likely ask Americans to decrease contact with others through altering work schedules, school dismissals and other measures. Researchers recently surveyed the public to see whether people could follow those recommendations and what kind of impact they might have.
The Mystery of Increased Hospitalizations of Elderly Patients
Pneumonia is a common illness that affects millions of people in the United States every year. In some people, particularly the elderly and those who are ill from pre-existing conditions, bacterial pneumonia may follow influenza or even a common cold. Dr. Martin Meltzer, discusses two articles in the May 2008 issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases journal about increased pneumonia-related hospitalizations of elderly patients in England.
Volume 14, Number 4—April 2008
Determining the Quality of Oseltamivir (Tamiflu)
The possibility of an avian flu pandemic has given Tamiflu attention. Because of fear of a pandemic, this drug has been in high demand. Unfortunately, this demand has prompted production of counterfeit Tamiflu. CDC's Dr. Mike Green discusses a test that is simple and affordable and can test the quality of products purported to be oseltamivir (Tamiflu).
Volume 14, Number 1—January 2008
Disparities in Arctic Health
Life at the top of the globe is drastically different. Harsh climate devoid of sunlight part of the year, pockets of extreme poverty, and lack of physical infrastructure interfere with healthcare and public health services. Learn about the challenges of people in the Arctic and how research and the International Polar Year address them.
Volume 13, Number 10—October 2007
Dengue Fever Seroprevalence and Risk Factors, Texas–Mexico Border, 2004
Dengue fever is both endemic and underrecognized along a section of the southern Texas–Mexico border, and low income is a primary risk factor for infection. As part of a special section on Global Poverty and Human Development, Dr. Joan Marie Brunkard discusses a dengue seroprevalence survey in this region and what can be done to help prevent infection and to identify and treat those who are infected.
Volume 13, Number 9—September 2007
Volume 13, Number 7—July 2007
Brazilian Vaccinia Viruses and Their Origins
Smallpox was eradicated more than 25 years ago, but live viruses used in vaccines may have survived to cause animal and human illness today. Dr. Inger Damon, Acting Branch Chief of the Poxvirus and Rabies Branch at CDC, discusses efforts to determine origins and spread of vaccinia viruses in Brazil.
Volume 13, Number 6—June 2007
Strategies to Reduce Person-to-Person Transmission During Widespread Escherichia coli O157:H7 Outbreak
US consumers were warned not to eat raw spinach during a 2006 E. coli O157:H7 outbreak, but additional warnings about person-to-person transmission could have reduced bacteria spread. Dr. Martin Meltzer discusses the research methods and findings and the authors' success in presenting them clearly and accurately.
Volume 13, Number 5—May 2007
Pet Rodents and Fatal Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis in Transplant Patients
Three organ transplant recipients died from infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV), which was traced back to a hamster owned by the daughter of the organ donor. Dr. Brian Amman, a mammalogist with the Special Pathogens Branch at CDC, discusses the dangers LCMV may pose to people with immune disorders, as well as to pregnant women.
Volume 13, Number 4—April 2007
Human Benefits of Animal Interventions for Zoonosis Control
Industrialized countries have contained recent zoonotic disease outbreaks, but countries with limited resources cannot respond adequately. Dr. Nina Marano, veterinarian and Chief, Geographic Medicine and Health Promotion Branch, CDC, comments on the focus on animal reservoirs to prevent outbreaks in developing nations.
Volume 13, Number 3—March 2007
Emergence of Extensively Drug Resistant Tuberculosis
Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) outbreaks have been reported in South Africa, and strains have been identified on 6 continents. Dr. Peter Cegielski, team leader for drug-resistant TB with the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination at CDC, comments on a multinational team's report on this emerging global public health threat.
Volume 13, Number 2—February 2007
Insecticide Resistance Reducing Effectiveness of Malaria Control
Malaria prevention is increasingly insecticide based. Dr. John Gimnig, an entomologist with the Division of Parasitic Diseases, CDC, discusses evidence that mosquito resistance to insecticides, which is measured in the laboratory, could compromise malaria prevention in the field.
Volume 13, Number 1—January 2007
Spread of Rare Fungus from Vancouver Island
Cryptococcus gattii, a rare fungus normally found in the tropics, has infected people and animals on Vancouver Island, Canada. Dr. David Warnock, Director, Division of Foodborne, Bacterial, and Mycotic Diseases, CDC, discusses public health concerns about further spread of this organism.