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Volume 16, Number 4—April 2010

Research

Use of Norovirus Genotype Profiles to Differentiate Origins of Foodborne Outbreaks

Linda VerhoefComments to Author , Harry Vennema, Wilfrid van Pelt, David Lees, Hendriek Boshuizen, Kathleen Henshilwood, Marion Koopmans, and on behalf of the Food-Borne Viruses in Europe Network1

Author affiliations: National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands (L. Verhoef, H. Vennema, W. van Pelt, H. Boshuizen, M. Koopmans); Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science, Weymouth, UK (D. Lees, K. Henshilwood); 1Additional members of the Food-Borne Viruses in Europe Network are listed at the end of this article.

Main Article

Appendix Figure 1

Norovirus genotype profiles detected in foodborne outbreaks, showing strains detected in A) food or B) humans; C) person-borne outbreaks; D) food handler-borne outbreaks; E) outbreaks with an unknown mode of transmission; and F) routine monitored bivalve mollusks. The genotypes are sorted for their relevance in unknown outbreaks.

Appendix Figure 1. Norovirus genotype profiles detected in foodborne outbreaks, showing strains detected in A) food or B) humans; C) person-borne outbreaks; D) food handler-borne outbreaks; E) outbreaks with an unknown mode of transmission; and F) routine monitored bivalve mollusks. The genotypes are sorted for their relevance in unknown outbreaks.

Main Article

1Members of the Food-Borne Viruses in Europe Network: B. Böttiger, K. Mølbak, C. Johnsen (Denmark); K.-H. von Bonsdorff, L. Maunula, M. Kuusi (Finland); P. Pothier, K. Balay, J. Kaplon, G. Belliot, S. Le Guyader (France); E. Schreier, K. Stark, J. Koch, M. Höhne (Germany); G. Szücs, G. Reuter, K. Krisztalovics (Hungary); Ireland: M. Lynch, B. Foley, P. McKeown, S. Coughlan (Ireland); E. Duizer, A. Kroneman, Y. van Duynhoven (the Netherlands); K. Vainio, K. Nygard, G. Kapperud (Norway); M. Poljsak-Prijatelj, D. Barlic-Maganja, A. Hocevar Grom (Slovenia); F. Ruggeri, I. Di Bartolo (Italy); A Bosch, A. Dominguez, J. Buesa, A. Sanchez Fauquier, G. Hernández-Pezzi (Spain); K.-O. Hedlund, Y. Andersson, M. Thorhagen, M. Lysén, M. Hjertqvist (Sweden); D. Brown, B. Adak, J. Gray, J. Harris, M. Iturriza (United Kingdom).

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